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first_imgThe Bundesliga joins the list of those who want to fight boredom in times without football at the great championships in Europe. A few days after several LaLiga players played a solidarity tournament in which they measured on the PlayStation from their homes, The highest German competition announced today that it will carry out the same format with a total of 26 Bundesliga and Bundesliga2 clubs. EA Sports’ FIFA 20 will be played, which is why Bayern Munich may have been left out. The German champion is being sponsored by Konami, EA Sports’ natural competition in the eSports market. Unlike the championship started by video game narrator and streamer Ibai Llanos, The German teams will appoint up to two members who will represent their respective teams in the competition. One of them will be a professional player, the second an employee of the club. All teams will be modified and adapted to the same level to guarantee equal conditions for all participants. The first matches will be played on Saturday and will be broadcast on the Virtual Bundesliga YouTube channel.last_img read more


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first_imgPalm cutters ask Rep. Koung and any well wishers to assist them with at least one mill in their community so as to generate revenue for themselves.The palm cutters association of Zian Rlekpoulay in Zoe Gbar Administrative District is appealing to any well-meaning organization or individual to empower their association with equipment so as to produce more palm oil.Speaking in Rlekpoulay during the visit of Representative Jeremiah Koung, the group said if they are provided with Freedom Mill (a manual oil palm mill), it will enable them to produce more palm oil for self sustainability.They asked Rep. Koung and any well wishers to assist them with at least one of the mill in the community so as to create avenue for revenue generation for the palm cutters.Zoe Gbar is a leading producer of fresh palm oil, which is usually used for cooking. The produce from this region are sold in Bahn Market and other market places around the county. “We are the actual producers of palm oil, which is commonly called “country oil”.“To distilled palm, using traditional method is very labor intensive, leaving most of palm to get damaged, so we need help to purchase one of the Freedom Mills for this community, said the spoke person, Moses Sehtor.The palm tree is so important to the citizens around the Zoe Gbar belt. According to them, it is prohibited to cut down palm trees.James V. Mulbah contributed to the storyShare this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more


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first_img The travelling Portuguese fans Andre-Pierre Gignac came so close to winning it for France in stoppage time Stade de France – a great arena to host the final 15 15 Captain’s orders in extra-time… 15 15 Portugal won their first major tournament on Sunday, beating France in the final of Euro 2016. The hosts took Fernando Santos’ side to extra-time before Eder – formerly of Swansea City – fired them to victory in extra-time with a fine long-range strike. Portugal overcame a first-half blow when captain and star man Cristiano Ronaldo failed to shake off a knock and he had to be replaced. It may not have been the most memorable of finals, but we saw some great moments. Click the arrow, above right, to see some images from the final in Stade de France, Saint-Denis.  15 All hail Fernando Santos 15 15 The Real Madrid forward tried his best to shake off a knock which he picked up in a clash with Dimitri Payet 15 15 15center_img The moment Portugal’s hopes were dashed Eder and team-mates celebrate Champions League winner in May, European Championship winner in July 15 getty 15 Eder strikes the winner 15 Captain Cristiano Ronaldo is handed the Henri Delaunay Trophy – click the arrow, above right, to see more images from the final of Euro 2016 – Cristiano Ronaldo’s Portugal won Euro 2016 15 Keep that knee straight, Cristiano… 15 The Henri Delaunay Trophy Portugal celebrate around goalscorer Eder More celebrations captured during the trophy presentation last_img read more


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first_imgA chef who told Gardai his name was Peter Pan ended up paying €300 to charity when he appeared at Letterkenny District Court.Brian Kelly, 31, was spotted by Gardai roaring and shouting at Glenfin Street in Ballybofey on July 24th last.When told to calm down by Gardai, Kelly continued to roar and shout and was eventually put in a patrol car. Defence solicitor Kieran Dillon said Kelly of 57 Beechwood Park, Convoy, had been drinking in pubs in Letterkenny and Ballybofey and was in high spirits.“He was about to get into a taxi when the Gardai arrived but he didn’t have the wit to go home,” said Mr Dillon.Judge Paul Kelly said “He was trying to tell fairytales. You’re a comedian as well as a chef.”He adjourned the case until April 3rd to allow Kelly to pay €300 to the local branch of St Vincent De Paul.© 2011 donegaldaily.com, all Rights ReservedThe copying, republication or redistribution of donegaldaily.com Content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited by law.Follow us on www.twitter.com/donegaldailyFollow us on www.facebook.com/donegaldailyMAN TOLD GARDAI HE WAS ‘PETER PAN’ WHEN STOPPED FOR SHOUTING was last modified: February 8th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:BallybofeyGardaLetterkenny District CourtPeter KellyPeter Panlast_img read more


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first_imgDonegal GAA Open Night – Oíche Oscailte CLG Dhún na nGallFRIDAY EVENING at O’Donnell Park promises to be eventful as Donegal GAA holds its open night.All the details are below – as the county’s senior men’s team, senior ladies team and the hurlers arrive in Letterkenny to meet the fans. All the details are below:Dáta: Dé hAoine 10ú Bealtaine 2013 –Friday 10th May 2013Ionad: Páirc Uí Dhomhnaill, Leitir Ceanainn –O’Donnell Park, LetterkennyA tremendous evening of entertainment is assured, an opportunity to win some top class prizes and the chance to meet members of the All conquering Donegal Senior Football Team, the Donegal Senior Hurling Team and the Donegal Ladies Football Team. Come early and enjoy this tremendous GAA event. Bígí linn agus bain sult agus taithneamh as na himeachtaí. Beidh céad míle fáilte romhat.Clár6.30pm – Gates Open with free tickets on entry for selection of prizes7.00pm – Commencement of the Meet and Greet & Entertainment• Donegal Senior Footballers, Donegal Senior Hurlers and Donegal Ladies Team are introduced on to the field • Fáilte from Cathaoirleach CLG Naom Adhamhnáin – Paul Carr• Fáilte from Cathaoirleach CLG Dhún na nGall – Seán Dunnion• Interviews with Senior Team Manager Jim McGuinness- Senior Football Team Captain – Michael Murphy, Hurling Team Manager – Ray Durack and Ladies Football Team Manager – Hughie Molloy• Launch of Cúl Camps 2013 by Anthony Harkin 7.30pm – Meet the Players.Activities and Entertainment• Music – traditional Music by Donegal Scór Acts• Stramore NS sing their Donegal GAA SAM song• Face Painting• Free Posters and Wrist bands for all the Children• Photo Opportunities with Donegal Senior Footballers and Hurlers, and Donegal Senior Ladies.And then on Saturday for St Eunan’s members there’s this below:ALL ROADS LEAD TO O’DONNELL PARK FOR FRIDAY’S DONEGAL GAA OPEN NIGHT was last modified: May 9th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:ALL ROADS LEAD TO O’DONNELL PARK FOR FRIDAY’S DONEGAL GAA OPEN NIGHTlast_img read more


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first_imgStory Links The Bulldog Way Players’ Choice Award, was presented for the fourth-consecutive year to an athlete from each team in the Drake athletic department, who has distinguished themselves on and off the field in living out the vision and values expressed in the Bulldog Way. Student-athletes were nominated by their teammates and the student-athlete receiving the most votes was recognized. They were:Women’s Basketball – Caitlin IngleMen’s Basketball – A.J. RutterCheerleading – Taylor HambergMen’s Cross Country  and Track & Field – Reed FischerWomen’s Cross Country at Track & Field – Taryn RolleFootball – Sean LynchMen’s Golf – Kyle MacDonaldWomen’s Golf – Madison GlennieRowing – Mikaela JanesMen’s Soccer – Ben TroesterWomen’s Soccer – Sarah Grace NicholsonSoftball – Maddy HooymanMen’s Tennis – Tom HandsWomen’s Tennis – Mela JaglarzVolleyball – Grace Schofield Finally, Mr. Drake himself, Paul Morrison, honored this year’s four-year letterwinners. This year’s honorees include 26 student-athletes that have reached one of the pinnacles of athletic success at Drake in earning a letter during all four years of competition and being among the finest of the more than 5,000 letterwinners that have represented Drake University. Below are those student-athletes that Mr. Morrison bestowed with fourth letter.  Below are the individual honorees from each sport.Women’s Basketball – Cortni RushMen’s Basketball – Reed TimmerWomen’s Soccer – Brook SalisburyMen’s Soccer – Ben TroesterVolleyball – Odessa CodyRowing – Gabrielle BrodekSoftball – Sarah MaddoxWomen’s Track and Field – Sammy NielsonMen’s Track and Field: Dominic LombardiWomen’s Cross Country – Bailee CoferMen’s Cross Country – George WebbFootball – Eric SaubertMen’s Golf: Karter SmithWomen’s Golf: Aimee GerschkeMen’s Tennis: Vinny GillespieWomen’s Tennis: Joely LomasCheer: Madeline Kinnick Photo Gallery Drake’s strength and conditioning staff also recognized its each team’s top performer in the weight room as well as the department’s strength and conditioning athletes of the year, Odessa Cody (Volleyball) and Eric Saubert (Football). Jacob Enevold – Men’s BasketballCaitlin Ingle – Women’s BasketballLizzy Wendell – Women’s BasketballConley Wilkins – FootballTaylor Coleman – FootballMichael Roane – FootballEric Saubert – FootballCaz Zyks – FootballGabrielle Brodek – RowingKerstin Donat – RowingSarah Larson – RowingBen LeMay – Men’s SoccerDarrin MacLeod – Men’s SoccerMueng Sunday – Men’s SoccerEric Williams – Men’s SoccerKayla Armstrong – Women’s SoccerBrooke Dennis – Women’s SoccerAlex Freeman – Women’s SoccerSarah Grace Nicholson – Women’s SoccerKaitlyn Finneran – SoftballMaddie Hooyman – SoftballMegan  Sowa – SoftballReed Fischer – Track & FieldJohnathan Osifuye-White – Track & FieldMakena Schoene – VolleyballMichelle Thommi – Volleyballcenter_img Eight student-athletes were presented the MVC Presidents Council Award, for seniors or those within 18 hours of graduation, who have achieved a cumulative grade-point-average of 3.80 or higher and participated in athletics for a minimum of two years. Honored were AJ Rutter (men’s basketball), Caitlin Ingle (women’s basketball), Reed Fischer (men’s cross country and track & field), Shelby Varney (women’s cross country and track & field), Nick Manzoni (men’s soccer), Alex Prusa (men’s soccer), Kaitlyn Finneran (softball) and Capris Quaites (volleyball). With spring sports still competing, the Bulldogs will announce additional awards during the annual Welcome Back Picnic in the fall. There, Drake will honor the Dixie Byers Comeback Player of the Year, the Howlett Awards given to the Student-Athletes of the Year, the Newcomer of the Year Award and the Bulldog Way Director’s Cup. Print Friendly Version DES MOINES, Iowa – The Drake University athletic department honored its student-athletes Sunday, May 7, with the annual year end banquet presented by Daktronics. A wide array of awards and honors were handed out as the Bulldogs put the finishing touches on a successful 2016-17 season in competition and in the classroom. SAAC representatives Madison Glennie and Ben Troester recognized the 16 Bulldogs listed below who have maintained a cumulative GPA of 4.0. Jacob Bacon, Football, Actuarial ScienceAlison Burke, Women’s Soccer, Accounting & LawAshlie Chambers, Softball, Master of Business AdministrationZachary Conroy, Men’s Soccer, BiologyLinda Fiorito, Women’s Soccer, MarketingNicholas Girardi, Men’s Basketball, NeuroscienceSigurlaug Jonsdottir, Women’s Golf, Mathematics & ChemistryVanessa Kavan, Women’s Soccer, MarketingIsaiah Kent-Schneider, Football, Environmental ScienceHaley Morris, Women’s Soccer, Marketing & AdvertisingSara Rhine, Women’s Basketball, Elementary EducationAmanda Roemmich, Softball, BiologyAllison Smith, Women’s Soccer, Finance & International BusinessAleksi Tuominen, Men’s Soccer, Health ScienceBenjamin Troester, Men’s Soccer, Accounting & FinanceMadison Glennie, Women’s Golf, English & Law, Politics and Society Following a brief dinner, the evening’s keynote speaker, Terry Robinson, spoke about his journey as a Drake student-athlete and the transition to life after athletics. Robinson was a men’s basketball student-athlete at Drake in the late 1980s and current co-founder of the LET Group.last_img read more


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first_imgEmbed from Getty ImagesMauricio Pochettino said he took off Heung-Min Son while he was on a hat-trick because the forward needed a rest.Son scored his second double in two games to sink Huddersfield 2-0 at Wembley and cement Tottenham’s place in the top four.“In the last few games he played a lot. He played one hour and scored twice against Rochdale on a very cold day,” the Spurs boss said.“Today he played another 70 minutes, and he’s not a machine, and he needs to rest. There are a lot of games ahead of him.“But he is one player you always expect amazing things from. He is talented, consistent and very professional.“Players like him and Harry Kane work a lot and it pays back. He’s another example at our club of what it means to be professional.”Pochettino’s side face Juventus next in a huge Champions League last-16 second leg at Wembley on Tuesday night.And he said: “I am happy for Son because these two goals help a very good position in the table now, and in the battle for the top four. It was a very professional performance from the team.“We are focused on Juventus now. With Chelsea, United still to play, cannot affect what happens in the other games.” Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebookby Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksRecommended for youAspireAbove.comRemember Pauley Perrette? Try Not To Smile When You See Her NowAspireAbove.comUndoLifestly.com25 Celebs You Didn’t Realize Are Gay – No. 8 Will Surprise WomenLifestly.comUndoUsed Cars | Search AdsUsed Cars in Tuen Mun Might Be Cheaper Than You ThinkUsed Cars | Search AdsUndoTopCars15 Ugliest Cars Ever MadeTopCarsUndoezzin.com20 Breathtaking Places to See Before You Dieezzin.comUndoFood World Magazine15 Fruits that Burn Fat Like CrazyFood World MagazineUndoDrhealth35 Foods That Should Never Be Placed in the RefrigeratorDrhealthUndoHappyTricks.comHer House Always Smells Amazing – Try her Unique Trick!HappyTricks.comUndolast_img read more


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first_imgHere are four organisms with surprising mental powers.BumblebeesA video clip at the start of a Washington Post article shows bumblebees trained to pull on a string to get a treat. Other bees, watching one do it, appear able to learn the secret. The one-minute video, often shared on Facebook, is well worth watching. Ben Guarino writes with astonishment:The bumblebee brain is puny, at least compared with the massive and fatty organ locked in your skull. At about 0.0002 percent the volume of yours, bee brains are close in size to the seeds stuck on a hamburger bun. Thinking about insect brains in terms of size alone, however, is a trap. The intelligence of sesame-brained bugs should not be underestimated.A study reported in the journal PLOS Biology on Tuesday [10/04/16], for instance, takes bee smarts in a surprising direction: Scientists from the Queen Mary University of London suggest that the “insects possess the essential cognitive elements for cultural transmission,” as they wrote in their new paper. It is possible to teach a single bee a new trick, in other words, and a different bee can learn that behavior from her peer.BatsYou’ve probably seen a swarm of bats blackening the sky at dusk as they emerge from a cave. Flying so close to one another, how do they avoid utter confusion as they utter clicks for echolocation? The interference would seem hopelessly confusing to them. An article from the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology looked into this “question [that] has mystified scientists since the discovery of echolocation.” One thing the bats know to do is reduce their call volume in such conditions, a behavior called mutual suppression. Clever experiments at Texas A&M showed how bats demonstrated their smarts in an acoustic room rigged with “robobats” and a clutter of strings equipped with sensors. The researchers found that the collision-avoidance strategy is apparently hard-wired into the bats’ brains, since each individual behaved the same way.The press release concludes on a biomimetics note, with gratitude:Interestingly, Adams’s findings could be useful for improving wireless telecommunication networks. In a wireless network, information is sent from multiple computers simultaneously without much interference. Adams says, “You stop and listen for a second and go again. It’s the same thing we’re seeing with the bats.” The team’s future research will determine how bats handle interference from multiple individuals, which may shed light on how to develop better wireless networks.We have a lot of reasons to be thankful for bats. Who knows? We may soon be thanking bats for more efficient wireless communication.ChickensBecause the face of a clucking hen does not exactly induce thoughts of genius, this headline from science publisher Springer is bound to turn heads: “Think chicken – think intelligent, caring and complex.” Maybe you are assuming that if you eat the chicken, it will help you in those ways. Thou assumest wrongly. According to an expert in “chicken psychology,” chickens have a lot in common with us.Chickens are not as clueless or “bird-brained” as people believe them to be. They have distinct personalities and can outmaneuver one another. They know their place in the pecking order, and can reason by deduction, which is an ability that humans develop by the age of seven. Chicken intelligence is therefore unnecessarily underestimated and overshadowed by other avian groups. So says Lori Marino, senior scientist for The Someone Project, a joint venture of Farm Sanctuary and the  Kimmela Center in the USA, who reviewed the latest research about the psychology, behavior and emotions of the world’s most abundant domestic animal. Her review is published in Springer’s journal Animal Cognition.“They are perceived as lacking most of the psychological characteristics we recognize in other intelligent animals and are typically thought of as possessing a low level of intelligence compared with other animals,” Marino says. “The very idea of chicken psychology is strange to most people.”OK, Dr. Marino, prove it. She shows how chickens have a sense of numbers, even as newly hatched chicks. They can perform simple arithmetic, experiments have shown. They can remember the trajectory of a ball for up to three minutes. They “possess self-control when it comes to holding out for a better food reward,” the list continues. The article rubs it in:Chicken communication is also quite complex, and consists of a large repertoire of different visual displays and at least 24 distinct vocalizations. The birds possess the complex ability of referential communication, which involves signals such as calls, displays and whistles to convey information. They may use this to sound the alarm when there is danger, for instance. This ability requires some level of self-awareness and being able to take the perspective of another animal, and is also possessed by highly intelligent and social species, including primates.Chickens perceive time intervals and can anticipate future events. Like many other animals, they demonstrate their cognitive complexity when placed in social situations requiring them to solve problems.In addition, they display complex emotions. If you’ve ever watched a mother hen protecting her chicks, you know how aggressive she can be. “They make decisions based on what is best for them,” the article says, even stooping to deception or learning one another’s secrets (just like the bumblebees described above). Convinced? Reflecting on all this makes it hard to want to eat them. At least pay that bird a little more respect when you chew the chicken fat.Slime MoldsWe end with one of the most surprising examples of braininess: intelligence without a brain. Stephanie Pappas writes about slime mold intelligence for Live Science, claiming, “This Brainless Blob Learns — and Teaches, Too.” It may be difficult doing a mind meld with a slime mold without getting sticky, but scientists are impressed with what these colonial fungi can do.You don’t need a brain to learn and teach. New research finds that slime molds, goopy and rather uncharismatic organisms that lack a nervous system, can adapt to a repulsive stimulus and then pass on that adaptation by fusing with one another.Whether this shows that “learning may predate the evolution of the nervous system” seems debatable, but everyone can agree that “slime molds are truly bizarre,” almost alien.Previous studies of slime mold have found that they have a primitive form of memory based on information stored in their trails of goo. Despite being entirely brainless, slime molds can find the fastest route through a maze or between points.Related to amoebas, slime molds can become habituated to a favorable route, and can even cross unfavorable regions to reach their food. They can learn harmful substances from harmless ones, then pass on that information by fusing with other individuals. Fusing together, some slime molds can form a super-organism hundreds of square centimeters in area, sharing thousands of nuclei, only to later disperse and go their separate ways, all the better for information they shared.Pay someone a compliment today. Tell them they have the brains of a slime mold, a bat, an insect or a chicken. If they don’t smile and say “Thank you,” you may need to explain before they cry or hit you.Seriously, Stephanie, how could learning predate the evolution of the nervous system? That’s ridiculous. You’re treating “learning” as some mystical phenomenon out there in space that mindless matter can latch onto. You need a refresher course in evolutionary theory. Then, correct your article to stay, “Stuff Happens.” (Visited 88 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more


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first_img7 February 2012While sipping on bottled water has become something of a lifestyle statement, a survey has revealed that most South Africans are happy with the high quality water that comes straight from their taps.The survey, conducted by the Water Research Commission and South African Local Government Association between March and May 2011, investigated urban South Africans’ perceptions of the quality of their water and the factors that influence these perceptions.It found that 81 percent of urban South Africans from all income levels perceive their tap water to be safe to drink. This concurs with international studies which found that most people in countries with a reliable water supply perceived tap water as having a low safety risk.South African water institutions are considered to provide some of the highest quality of drinking or potable water in the world.The survey covered adults aged 16 years and older from all race groups. A random sample of 2 437 urban households was drawn.Younger people more positiveThe study also found that women were significantly less confident about the safety of tap water than men. Women were also more likely than men to boil or filter drinking water, and more inclined than men to drink only bottled water.Younger people between the ages of 16 and 34 were more positive about the safety of drinking water than older people.Consumers in the metro municipalities perceived their tap water to be significantly safer to drink than consumers in other urban municipalities.Consumers in eThekwini Metro (Durban) had the highest consumer confidence in the safety of their tap water, whereas consumers in Mangaung Metro (Bloemfontein) had the least confidence.Consumers of non-metro municipalities in the Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, Free State and Mpumalanga provinces had the lowest confidence in the safety of their tap water.Factors influencing perceptionsThere was a wide range of factors which determined consumers’ perceptions about the safety of drinking water, the main ones being the appearance of the water, its taste and smell, and people’s bodily reactions to it.A very small percentage of the population based their perception of the safety of tap water on what they heard or read in the media.The leader of the survey, Dr Sarah Slabbert, said: “Although the scope of this study was small, it provides a baseline within which to compare future studies.“It also gives the water sector and its stakeholders an understanding of how South Africans perceive the quality of drinking water. The findings have several implications for policy, management and further research.”The director for water use and waste management at the Water Research Commission, Jay Bhagwan, said the perception that tap water was clean and safe to drink and regularly tested was a major indicator of good municipal service.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more


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first_imgThere are several video editing techniques every professional needs to know. Let’s take a look at two of them: the J-cut and L-cut.If you’re in the business of video editing (or would like to be), then two techniques you absolutely must know are the J-cut and the L-cut. Editors use these techniques to allow audiences to see the context of the dialogue rather than just the dialogue itself.Let’s look at the best ways to incorporate J-cuts and L-cuts into your next production. To do this, we’ll look at some of the very best uses of these techniques in film history.A History of J & L-CutsEven before the days of cinema, artists developed stories through a combination of images. This early form of storytelling and editing can be seen on the walls of the pyramids or in the triptych paintings of the Middle Ages. With the 20th century development of the film camera and the subsequent addition of sound to filmmaking, the editing techniques of the J-cut and L-cut appeared.Image: Scene from The Jazz Singer via Warner Bros. The image above is from 1927’s The Jazz Singer. Heralded as the first “talkie,” the film introduced audiences to fully synced sound and imagery. Another thing it introduced to audiences: the first use of the L-cut. While we see and hear actor Al Jolson talking to his bandmates, the camera cuts to audience members taking their seats. In the video below (via WarnerBrosOnline), we can see one of the very first L-cuts play out in real time. What makes a L-cut or J-cut work is the combination of dialogue and imagery. For an L-cut, the dialogue continues as the camera cuts to another image. For a J-cut, the dialogue plays while we see contextual images, but then cuts to the source of the dialogue.Why Use a J-Cut or L-Cut?Using a J-cut or an L-cut is all about keeping the flow of the edit moving without becoming boring. If a J-cut or L-cut is performed properly, then the audience will never notice it taking place. This same theory is really true for any editing technique.Image: an example of an L-cut Think about the films we watch and the dialogue sequences within them. During these sequences, the editor isn’t constantly cutting back and forth to each character as they talk. Doing this would be very distracting. Instead, an L-cut is used.This technique sees Character A speaking, but then the scene cuts to Character B as Character A continues their dialogue. By doing this, the editor is allowing viewers to hear the dialogue while also seeing the reaction of Character B, giving the audience a better overall understanding of the scene.Image: an example of a J-cut The J-cut is the opposite of the L-cut. With this technique, the viewer hears the dialogue of Character A — but only sees Character B on screen. From this shot of Character B (which provides emotional information and context for the scene), the editor cuts back to Character A. Where Else Can You Use a J-Cut or L-Cut?As discussed above, the best time to use either technique is during a scene with dialogue, but these techniques can also come in handy during any scene with connecting action to a specific sound.In the video above from Movieclips Coming Soon, we see how sound effects were used in conjunction with visuals to pull off a very compact but vital J-cut in Raiders of the Lost Ark. After Indy swaps the bag of sand for the idol, he begins to walk away. Sounds begin to grow off camera, causing Indy to look back. The camera then cuts to the shot of the idol room breaking and falling apart, giving us context for the sound.Again, the entire point of using these techniques is to progress the story forward in a compelling way. We’ll leave you with one of the most iconic J-cuts/L-cuts of all time. Director Stanley Kubrick uses both techniques to perfection in 2001: A Space Odyssey. HAL 9000 can only convey a voice with no emotional queues. Because of this, Kubrick utilizes the character of Dave to give us the emotion of the scene. This plays out (as seen in the clip below via Jim Nielson) as the film cuts back and forth between Dave deactivating HAL and the AI urging Dave to stop.What are your favorite uses of J-cuts and L-cuts? Please share them in the comments below!last_img read more