How the Northern Gateway oil pipeline saga has played out so far

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Feb. 14, 2014: Federal Court finds federal environment and fisheries ministers broke the law by failing to enforce Species at Risk Act in a lawsuit brought in relation to pipeline route.April 13, 2014: Residents of Kitimat, site of the proposed marine terminal, vote against Northern Gateway in non-binding municipal plebiscite with a vote of 58.4% opposed and 41.6% in favour.April 22, 2014: Environment Canada announces status of Pacific humpback whales will be upgraded from “threatened” to “species of special concern.”May 13, 2014: Transport Minister Lisa Raitt announces new rules for marine spill response.May 14, 2014: New Natural Resources Minister Greg Rickford announces more new rules for pipeline safety.May 27, 2014: Rickford announces Ottawa will open a major projects management office in B.C. to work with First Nations on energy projects. VANCOUVER — Milestones in the Northern Gateway project:March 6, 2002: Calgary-based Enbridge announces preliminary plans for a pipeline linking the Alberta oil sands to the West Coast.[np_storybar title=”Even without Northern Gateway pipeline, Canada could still get its oil to China: IEA” link=”https://business.financialpost.com/2014/06/17/even-without-northern-gateway-pipeline-canada-could-still-get-its-oil-to-china-iea/?__lsa=0c0f-ef0e”%5DWithin 5 years, Canada could be shipping 300,000 barrels a day to China, even if Ottawa rejects the controversial pipeline proposal, International Energy Agency says. Keep reading. [/np_storybar]April 14, 2005: The company announces a deal with PetroChina Co. to transport oil from Alberta to the B.C. coast for export. The pipeline is expected to be in operation in 2010.Nov. 1, 2006: With the National Energy Board process already underway, Enbridge announces it will delay Northern Gateway and focus on expanding pipelines to U.S. market.March 23, 2010: Coastal First Nations declares a ban on oil supertankers from the Pacific North Coast. It is the first aboriginal ban on the project.May 27, 2010: Enbridge files its application to the National Energy Board to build the Northern Gateway pipeline and tanker terminal.Sept. 9, 2010: The panel determines the company has submitted enough information for the project to proceed to public hearings.Jan. 9, 2012: Then-natural resources minister Joe Oliver issues an open letter branding oil pipeline opponents “radicals” who are attempting to “hijack” the hearing process with funds from “foreign special interest groups.”Jan. 10, 2012: Joint review panel begins public hearings that travel throughout B.C. and Alberta over next 18 months.March and April 2012: Federal government announces changes to Navigable Waters Act and Canadian Environmental Assessment Act. Changes include giving cabinet final decision on projects rather than regulators, restricting public participation in reviews and limiting scope of reviews.May 2012: Enbridge is ridiculed (see video below) for a sleek promotional video portraying Douglas Channel into Kitimat that excludes hundreds of islands that would lie in the path of tankers on their way to port.July 11, 2012: The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board releases a damning report on a July 2010 spill of 3.3 million litres of diluted bitumen from an Enbridge pipeline into Kalamazoo River, likening the clean-up to Keystone Kops.July 27, 2012: B.C. Premier Christy Clark announces her government will not support Northern Gateway or any other oil pipeline project unless it meets five conditions, including a “fair share”’ of revenues for the province.Sept. 26, 2012: A coalition of conservation groups files suit in Federal Court to force Ottawa to protect endangered and threatened species along the route of the proposed pipeline, including Pacific humpback whales.March 18, 2013: Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver announces first of several changes to marine safety rules for oil tankers. Several measures will also be announced for pipeline liability on land.May 31, 2013: B.C. government lawyers tell the federal review panel that the province does not support the pipeline project as proposed.June 24, 2013: Federal review hearings come to a close.Nov. 5, 2013: The B.C. government capitulates on revenue-sharing, saying a share of Alberta’s revenues from heavy oil pipelines is off the negotiating table.Dec. 5, 2013: Vancouver lawyer Doug Eyford issues report saying Ottawa must build trust with First Nations.Dec. 19, 2013: Federal joint review panel issues report recommending approval of Northern Gateway project, subject to 209 conditions.Jan. 17, 2014: First of 10 applications filed in Federal Court and the Federal Appeal Court by environmental and First Nations groups seeking judicial review of panel recommendation to approve project.THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck read more


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FOXBOROUGH, Mass. — The Patriots have been at their best on offence this season when they’ve established the run and avoided facing a significant number of third downs.Achieving success in both areas could be difficult on Sunday against a Vikings team that offensive co-ordinator Josh McDaniels is expecting to offer “as big a challenge as we’re going to have all year.”The Vikings are the NFL’s stingiest defence on third down, allowing opposing offences to convert on a league-low 28 per cent of their opportunities. They are also allowing only 94 rushing yards per game, which is tied for the fourth-fewest in the NFL.One of the reasons, McDaniels said, is Minnesota’s ability to mix up its personnel and coverages. That is bolstered with talented players that are spread throughout its defence.“They have a great front, they have linebackers that are very athletic, the team speed in general is tremendous,” McDaniels said. “You’re not going to outrun this group.”The Patriots are 1-3 this season when converting on less than 33 per cent of their third downs. The lone exception was their 27-20 season-opening win over the Texans. The Patriots went just 4 of 14 on third down (29 per cent) in that game, but were able to take advantage of some early Houston mistakes in jumping out to a 24-6 lead.New England can’t count on that against Minnesota.The Vikings’ offence has been turnover-prone at times this season, but Minnesota enters Sunday’s matchup with a plus-2 turnover margin overall. The Vikings were turnover-free in last week’s win over Green Bay. It was their first game since their Week 7 road victory over the Jets in which they didn’t have a giveaway.New England has had to adjust offensively in recent weeks as it played through the injury-related absences of its leading rusher Sony Michel (knee) and tight end Rob Gronkowski (ankle, back), one of Brady’s favourite options on third down.Both were effective in their returns to the starting lineup against the Jets. Gronkowski caught his first touchdown pass since Week 1 and Michel rushed for a season-best 133 yards.“They are one of the best teams at running the ball in the red zone and one of the best teams at stopping the run in the red zone,” Vikings coach Mike Zimmer said.“When you can run the ball in the red zone that typically leads to touchdowns because you don’t get in third-and-longs and things like that where you’ve got to throw in a condensed area.”The Patriots are also hopeful that the return of Rex Burkhead from injured reserve will ultimately provide a boost similar to those provided by Michel and Gronkowski. Burkhead was one of New England’s go-to options in short-yardage situations last season. But he played only three games before suffering a neck injury against the Lions on Sept. 23. His status for Sunday is to be determined.While Burkhead’s absence hasn’t affected the Patriots’ ability to score touchdowns in the red zone (24 TDs on 38 drives inside the 20), centre David Andrews said they recognize room for improvement.“(The Vikings have) got a great defensive front, I think they play really hard, big, tough guys in there,” Andrews said. “I don’t know what the game plan is going to be yet, but whatever it is, we just have to execute it, do whatever we can up front to be at our best and be the most physical team.”___AP Pro Football Writer Dave Campbell in Eagan, Minnesota, contributed to this report.___More AP NFL: https://apnews.com/tag/NFL and https://twitter.com/AP_NFL___Follow Kyle Hightower on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/khightowerKyle Hightower, The Associated Press read more