On the brink of a 2010 revolution?

Tag: 苏州哪里有桑拿会所

first_imgIn terms of security, a number of new initiatives have been implemented to ensure that crime and violence do not mar the tournament. These include boosting the ranks of the police, acquiring hi-tech equipment (including helicopters, bomb suits, robots, x-ray machines and crowd-control water cannons) and setting up special courts to deal with offences related to the event. Nevertheless, we are not alone with our social and political problems. Just 500 days before the 2006 World Cup, Germany was dangerously divided – yet that tournament provided the glue that united a nation in a sea of black, yellow and red. 26 January 2009 Urquhart is a former Fifa World Cup media officer and the current editor of Project 2010 Like in 1994, cool heads are needed. Millions of South Africans, new to staging an event of this magnitude, have helped lay the foundations for the world’s biggest single-code sporting event. The result is that the skylines of every host city are now dotted with cranes, towering over stadiums and other World Cup-related projects. And the consensus is that most of these projects are well on track to meet their deadlines. The biggest hurdle facing South Africa is surely the political climate. The ruling party has split, its leader could still face prosecution, and a general election is looming fast. An entire subcontinent is preparing to play a role in the successful hosting of the event. Already, all of our neighbours have formulated plans to ensure they will be part and parcel of the extravaganza. The spin-offs are enormous, particularly in the tourism sector, which is where most other countries stand to benefit. And so it is with January 26, which marks the 500-day countdown to the start of the quadrennial showpiece of international football. It affords us an opportunity to gauge the progress South Africa has made – as well as the challenges that still lie ahead. On the field, Bafana Bafana are showing real signs of promise (four wins in four international friendlies), and are well positioned to hold their own in this year’s Confederations Cup – a key curtainraiser for 2010. The reality is that South Africa may be on the brink of a 2010-induced revolution, one that could change the country – and the rest of the continent – forever. The international focus on South Africa’s preparations for the 2010 Fifa World Cup usually intensifies with major events – like the 2010 Preliminary Draw and the Olympic Games – or with key dates.last_img read more


Tag: 苏州哪里有桑拿会所

first_img10 May 2011 Johannesburg’s Chancellor House has been reborn, and although the offices of Mandela & Tambo Attorneys are empty, the spirit of the two icons is almost tangible in the building. The modest, three-storey structure, on the corner of Fox and Gerard Sekoto streets in Ferreirasdorp in Johannesburg’s CBD, has had its dignity restored. Executive Mayor Amos Masondo and his team presided over the launch of the refurbished building last week, a process that begun in September 2010. “We meet to celebrate the opening of a fully restored Chancellor House – a historic building that was used as a legal firm for both Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo in the 1950s,” Masondo said. “If bricks could talk, this building would have been replete with colourful stories about the struggles for national liberation.” Advocate George Bizos, a long-time friend and advocate of Mandela, was the special guest, and he warmly recounted anecdotes of attorneys Tambo and Mandela. He said of his friend: “He had a wonderful presence.” Bizos added: “I am very pleased about the initiative of the City to restore the building; it is a living structure, a living space in honour of Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Duma Nokwe, Mendi Msimang, Godfrey Pitje and others.” He also paid tribute to the Essa family from Polokwane in Limpopo, which owned the building since 1943. It was expropriated by the City last year. “They took a chance in allowing them to stay [in a white area]; they couldn’t always afford the rent. They played a role,” he explained. Other guests included representatives of the Sisulu and Mandela families – Beryl Sisulu and Ndileka Mandela. Attorneys who worked in the firm were Mendi Msimang and Dumi Nokwe, who were represented by Hlula Msimang and Nosizwe Macamo.Restoration The building, a derelict disaster for the past 10 years, has been restored using old photographs, says Lauren Segal, the curator of the exhibition of Chancellor House. The tall ceilings and interior pillars give the inside a more elegant look than the exterior promises. The ground floor has had its large Fox and Gerard Sekoto street window fronts re-instated. Parquet flooring, gleaming and warm, has been sourced and covers the ground floor and the three offices on the second floor of the Tambo and Mandela rooms, which overlook the Magistrates’ Courts across the road. The rest of the office space has grey carpeting, and all walls are crisp white. The other offices have been opened up to create spacious, open-plan areas, with toilets and kitchens running along the north side on each floor. The original entrance on the Fox Street side has been restored, while the courtyard toilets have been demolished, to create a new, enlarged space with plants and benches. A fire escape has been added and a new lift installed. A new roof was constructed, the old one having been damaged by fire and water seepage. Some 68 homeless people had to be removed from the building and were relocated to a shelter, before the City could expropriate the building. Around 30 skips of rubbish had to be removed before a proper assessment could be done, and work could begin.Busy practice Mandela and Tambo had a busy practice in the building from 1952 to 1960, at times bringing in other attorneys when they were caught up in trials in which they were the accused, like the Treason Trial, for which they were arrested in 1956. In an article titled “Save Chancellor House” in the De Rebus magazine of April 1999, attorney Norman Sher recalls his association with the building. Sher worked in the early 1950s as a clerk while studying to write his matric, in the firm of Berman & Berman, the attorneys who occupied the second floor of Chancellor House. He says: “It seems like yesterday and I can see them firmly imprinted in my mind: Nelson Mandela, a most imposing figure with a charming and genial personality, and Oliver Tambo, in contrast, with his deep penetrating features, a quiet and dignified man who spoke very softly in well-modulated and precise sentences.” He described how their offices were “neat and orderly” but crowded with people wanting help with obtaining passes, a process which involved “overcoming almost insurmountable obstacles”. Sher acted as a messenger to Tambo and Mandela, and often fell down the narrow staircase while trying to deliver messages as fast as he could. Mandela named him “Haasie”, Afrikaans for rabbit, “a nickname which he cherishes to this day with fond memories”. He was paid in kind for his messenging duties – he was treated to meals at Kosi’s Cafe on the ground floor, “an institution in itself playing host to many famous personalities”. Sher says that the three of them became good friends, with him bringing the lawyers their daily lunch of samosas from Kosi’s. “Little did I realise then what an important role Mandela and Tambo were to play in the future history of our country.”Museum A museum, to be positioned along the ground floor windows and outside the building, is to be opened at the end of May, says Segal. She explained at the launch, finding it hard to contain her excitement, how she had found documents, including letters, previously unseen photographs, banning orders, police correspondence stamped “Geheim/Secret”, invoices, and court admission material, relevant to the Mandela and Tambo practice, at the national archives in Pretoria. “It is a very exciting find; it felt like new stuff,” she exclaimed. The material has been deposited with the Nelson Mandela Foundation. The three offices of the law firm will house a library containing a collection of digitised documents of legal cases handled by the two icons. Blown-up photographs with text will fill each of the ground windows, allowing passers-by to participate in the exhibition. “The various exhibitions will be designed to celebrate the history of this area, of the building and of the people who walked through its doors. Many of them, giants of our history, but also ordinary people in search for a better life, basic justice and elementary human rights,” said Masondo. Tenants for the building are being sought. They will preferably have a legal connection. Bizos indicated that he was going to approach the legal fraternity to ask them to help maintain the library and a possible legal clinic. “There are enough lawyers who have a social conscience.” The shuttered north entrance of the courts in Fox Street will be opened, to allow attorneys to cross the road to use the library and clinic. The Johannesburg Development Agency has overseen the restoration, at a cost of R7-million. “I trust that Chancellor House will remain a beacon of hope for all our people as we continue with our collective efforts to consolidate our freedom and deepen our democracy,” concluded Masondo. Source: City of Johannesburglast_img read more


Tag: 苏州哪里有桑拿会所

first_img19 December 2013South African Airways has been named as the best airline to Africa by readers of three well-known business travel magazines in the United States, reaffirming its long- standing position as Africa’s most awarded airline and preferred carrier for business travel to the continent, the national carrier said in a statement on Wednesday.<p. The “triple crown of awards” was bestowed by readers of Premier Traveler Magazine, Business Traveler Magazine and Global Traveler Magazine.Global Traveler named SAA as Africa’s best airline for the tenth consecutive year, earning the airline a spot in the magazine’s hall of fame.The magazines’ readers are described as “well-seasoned global travellers who are experienced in evaluating the services provided to passengers by airlines”.“The readers of these three prestigious magazines are truly discriminating and difficult to impress, given their extensive travel to all corners of the globe,” said Marc Cavaliere, SAA’s Head of Global Sales Development and Alliances.“It is certainly a feather in our cap to be named their favorite airline to the African continent, and to even earn a spot in Global Traveler’s hall of fame. We will work hard to continue to earn their loyalty and praise by offering the most convenient schedules and the most comfortable amenities from North America to the African continent.”Africa’s most awarded airlineIn addition to those awards, SAA was named the best airline in Africa in a global customer satisfaction survey at the 50th International Paris Air Show in June, at the Skytrax World Airline Awards ceremony.It was SAA’s eleventh consecutive year of winning the best airline in Africa award, making it the continent’s most awarded airline.Skytrax, an independent aviation research organisation, annually conducts a customer satisfaction survey of 18-million business and leisure air travellers from 160 countries to choose the winners from more than 200 airlines. These range from the largest international airlines to smaller domestic carriers.Forty-one key performance indicators for passenger satisfaction are measured, including check-in, boarding, onboard seat comfort, cabin cleanliness, food, beverages, inflight entertainment and staff service.Since the beginning of 2013, SAA has also scooped six accolades including a 4 Star Skytrax rating for the eleventh consecutive year, the on-time performance service award by Flightstats as the winner in the Middle East and Africa region, and African cargo airline of the year from STAT Times, which is an international award for excellence, according to a report on Fin24.SAA operates to 42 destinations worldwide, including 26 destinations across Africa. Domestically, it offers 660 flights a week. SAinfo reporter and SAAlast_img

Tag: 苏州哪里有桑拿会所

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Algae blooms in the Gulf of Mexico use up the majority of the oxygen in the water, leading to massive “dead zones” that cannot support fish or other wildlife. The culprit? Nitrate, running off agricultural fields through tile drainage systems. But nitrate is only part of the problem. Algae in freshwater lakes and ponds flourishes when exposed to a different pollutant, phosphorus, and the tiniest amount is enough to trigger a bloom.Illinois and the 11 other states that send the majority of the water to the Mississippi River set aggressive goals to reduce nitrate and phosphorus pollution in the Gulf of Mexico. To achieve those goals, large point sources of phosphorus, such as wastewater treatment plants, will need to invest in new infrastructure. But new research suggests there could be a role for farmers, as well.Laura Christianson, assistant professor of water quality in the Department of Crop Sciences at the University of Illinois, is an expert in woodchip bioreactors. She has done extensive work to demonstrate the potential of the woodchip-filled trenches in removing nitrate from tile drainage water in croplands.“The woodchips and the nitrate are necessary for the bacteria to complete their life cycles. As they consume the nitrate, it is removed from the water. It’s a biological process,” Christianson said.In a recent study, Christianson and several colleagues looked at whether they could also remove phosphorus by adding a special “P-filter” designed to trap the fertilizer-derived pollutant. The team tested two types of industrial waste products in the P-filters: acid mine drainage treatment residual (MDR) and steel slag. Phosphorous binds to elements such as iron, calcium, and aluminum contained in these products, removing it from the water.Rather than mixing MDR or steel slag with woodchips in one big nitrate- and phosphorus-removing machine, the team placed a separate P-filter upstream or downstream of a lab-scale bioreactor. They ran wastewater from an aquaculture tank through the system and measured the amount of nitrate and phosphorus at various points along the way.Nitrate removal was consistent, regardless of P-filter type and whether the P-filter was upstream or downstream of the bioreactor. But MDR was far superior as a phosphorus filter.“It removed 80 to 90% of the phosphorus at our medium flow rate,” Christianson said. “That was really, really good. Amazing.”Steel slag, on the other hand, only removed about 25 percent of the phosphorus. “But steel slag is a lot easier to find in the Midwest. And according to the Illinois Nutrient Loss Reduction Strategy, we’re only trying to remove 45% of the phosphorus we send downstream. Since agriculture is only responsible for half of that, 25% would be pretty good,” Christianson said.The system clearly shows potential, but several unknowns remain. Paired bioreactors and P-filters have yet to be tested in real-world conditions, although a handful have been installed in the United States. Perhaps more importantly, researchers don’t have a good handle on how much phosphorus is running off agricultural fields in tile drainage.last_img read more


Tag: 苏州哪里有桑拿会所

first_imgSuccessfully adapting novels into screenplays means that the film version must become its own work of art – a slew of changes must be made to the format, story and characters involved.If you’re reading this, you may have already accomplished the first step in your adaptation: finding a book you truly love and making certain it is movie material. Once you’ve found your story there are many challenges that, as a screenwriter, you must prepare to face on the journey from book to screen.Too Faithful or Not Faithful EnoughWhat to cut and what to keep? This is one of the first challenges you’ll need to tackle when adapting a novel. Subsequently, one of the greatest criticisms an adaptation will receive, in either direction, is that the film version was either too faithful (thus, not translating well to the screenplay format) or not faithful enough to the original version, which sends fans of the book into an uproar. Is it possible to please or serve both audiences, the die-hard devotees and those who haven’t read the book (they’re only seeking out a great film)? Possibly, but ultimately, your degree of faithfulness should be left out of the equation entirely.Instead, you want to engage with the material in such a way that honors only the great parts of the story. So rather than wondering how you must bring every detail to life on the big screen, ask yourself a more important question: what aspects of this story are so great that I must put emphasis on them? From there, you’ll explore the important characters, scenes and themes that are most pertinent to the story you want to tell. Remember that no matter which approach you take some people will love it and some people won’t, so just follow your instinct and tell the story in the best way that you know how.Point of ViewSome novels represent many viewpoints, alternating between multiple characters when telling a story. Most films on the other hand, tell a story from one singular point of view –that of the protagonist. For you as a screenwriter, adapting a novel with multiple viewpoints is not as easy as simply picking your favorite character or the most prominent character and running with it. In fact, the best route for your film may not necessarily be to choose the strongest point of view or have the character with the most dramatic experiences tell your story.Ideally, you want to look at the novel as merely a foundation, or the facilitator of the story you wish to tell. If this leads you to choose a smaller character from the novel, but one that is interesting and engaging and that would translate well to film – then so be it. When deciding how you want your story to be told, and who your protagonists will be, I would strongly suggest trying to go into things with an open mind. If you can accept that the novel and your screenplay may simply share only the same general idea, your mind will be free to make the best story choices. Once you have decided on your central characters, you can go back to the novel and choose to integrate what you believe to be worth while details and scenes from the original novel into your adaptation.It Isn’t Going to Be PrettyIrrespective of the writing style, you can always count on a novel to be beautifully written and rich in imagery. A screenplay… not so much. Even if your intention is to stay as true to source as possible, your script adaptation will look vastly different from the novel. This is a point that I would especially emphasize for any of you that come from a background in novel writing, but haven’t yet written as screenplay.Quite simply, a screenplay doesn’t have room for some of the most enjoyable aspects of a novel, no matter who writes the script. For instance, your script (at most) will be 120 pages with large margins, and most novels run at least 300 pages, which leaves no room for long paragraphs aimed at exploring a character’s internal monologue or scene descriptions. Nor should it be there in the first place, as the screenplay is a blueprint for the cast and crew, and not meant to be written with flowery language. When you set out to write your script, it is your job to get down to the essence of any one particular element, so that it can be explored via action or dialogue, or costume/set design, etc. It may not look as pretty, but trust that it will translate to be just as beautiful on the screen once it is interpreted by the talented artists that come on board.Creating New ContentWe’ve touched on the notion of choosing what will remain and what will be removed from a story when adapting it to a traditional screenplay, but it’s also worth thinking about what new elements can be added. Your script may be one that requires new plot points or characters that did not even exist in the novel in order to make it work as a movie, so keep this in mind when moving ahead with your new story. For instance, sometimes a writer will decide to write an alternate ending so that the film can feel more conclusive or set a certain tone.Naturally, this particular challenge can cause quite a bit of controversy among viewers, but nonetheless there are certain situations that call for it to be done. In such scenarios, writers typically approach the book as a springboard to create new content that still has a similar feel, making sure that any new ideas, characters, or scenes that are introduced still feel consistent and in line with the rest of the work. The reality is that sometimes change is demanded by the medium of film, which is highly visual. For an obvious example – If you are adapting a novel that is decades or centuries old, you may want to consider more contemporary themes or settings to make the story more appealing to a modern audience.Writing, of any variety, can be a daunting task and this sentiment could not be truer for adapting novels into screenplays. Nevertheless, so long as books continue to achieve a spot on the “best-seller” list, there will always be a studio in Hollywood ready to finance its adaptation to the big screen.Note: An adaptation is considered a derivative work of the novel, and as such, usage must be cleared for the work.  For more info on the legal ramifications of a novel adaptation, check out the post: ‘Legally Speaking, It Depends: Ins and Outs of a Novel Adaptation‘ from ScriptMag.com or ‘The Legal Hurdles of Adadpting a Novel or Book‘ from WriteYourScreenplay.com.Once you discover the right book, you must face the impending challenges associated with adaptions. Whether it is meeting fan expectations or knowing what to cut, keep, or add, or deciding which story you’d like to tell, you must be comfortable and confident in the writing decisions you make. This confidence comes from committing yourself to knowing the story from every all angles and making crucial (but necessary) choices on what stays and what goes.last_img read more


Tag: 苏州哪里有桑拿会所

first_imgSome members of upper caste families allegedly threw stones and used foul language when a marriage procession of a Dalit family was passing through their locality in S. Gunduribadi village under the Sorada block in Odisha’s Ganjam district last Wednesday, according to Bainath Naik, a Dalit.Some Dalits in the procession were injured and taken to MKCG Medical College and Hospital for treatment. Since then, the Dalit families are facing threats and have been ostracised in the village, added Mr. Naik.Dalits are a minority in this village — only 40 families as against around 350 upper caste families. ‘Met IGP’ On Saturday (April 27), a delegation of these Dalit families reached the office of the Inspector General of Police, Southern Range, in Berhampur to lodge a complaint. They allege that although they had informed the police about the possibility of an attack during the marriage procession, no security had been provided.Peasants’ organisation All India Kisan Mazdoor Sabha has come out in their support. AIKMS State committee member Pratap Naik said police officers were pressuring the complainants to change the FIR. The aggrieved families alleged that the police have not yet arrested the main accused, but have started framing ‘false’ cases and arresting local Dalits.Mass stir planned AIKMS national secretary Bhala Chandra Sadangi has threatened a mass movement in Ganjam district if strict action was not taken against the accused.last_img read more