Justice Bill makes allowance for minors

Tag: 夜上海金子

first_img25 November 2008 The Bill also limits the detention of children awaiting trial in prison, through the application of a schedule of offences for which children may be detained. Source: BuaNews However, the prosecution can bring evidence to show that a particular child has criminal capacity. The Child Justice Alliance welcomed the legislation, saying that it recognised the need for a new justice system for children in conflict with the law, and was confident that the new legislation would support South Africa’s ongoing efforts to combat crime. While retaining most features of the present criminal justice process, the Bill introduces a number of new concepts and procedures. In terms of the Bill, children below the age of 10 years should not be prosecuted, while those between the ages of 10 and 14 are presumed to lack criminal capacity. The Bill further seeks to create a balance between protecting the accused child’s rights as a child and an individual, and protecting the human rights and fundamental freedoms of the community. New concepts and procedures While 10 years is still considered to be a low age by world standards, the presumption of lack of criminal capacity will help to protect children who are immature. South Africa’s National Assembly last week passed the long-awaited Child Justice Bill, which deals with minors – children under the age of 18 years – who are in conflict with the law. The Bill has been sent to President Kgalema Motlanthe for approval. The new Child Justice Bill aims to give such children a chance to put right what they have done through diversion, which means they do not get criminal records. Even when children commit serious crimes, their age is a mitigating factor when it comes to sentencing, and there is a need for a wide range of sentencing options. The procedure set up by the Bill gives criminal justice professionals an opportunity to deal with each case on an individual basis, giving them the discretion to deal with different cases and children differently, as the facts and circumstances dictate. The Bill takes cognisance of the fact that when dealing with child offenders, one is dealing with human beings that are not yet fully developed. It also understands that adolescence is a time for testing limits, and that although many children will commit offences during their teens, most will grow up to be law-abiding citizens. The new Bill makes provision for a separate justice system for children, with a clear set of guidelines and procedures that are easily understandable and consonant with South Africa’s constitutional and international obligations. Alternative sentencinglast_img read more


Tag: 夜上海金子

first_imgAn education system designed to prevent intellectual development has left schools in South African townships and rural areas poorly resourced and with sub-standard infrastructure. Believing that a safe, bright and resourced environment is conducive to positive childhood development, the folks at the Bright Kid Foundation have come up with a cost-effective alternative to failing schools.The organisation’s innovative Edutainer is a shipment container fitted with lighting and flooring and sports a colourful paintjob, it is a cheap and easily procured classroom and an ideal space for children to learn and grow to meet their potentialThe organisation’s innovative Edutainer is a shipment container fitted with lighting and flooring and sports a colourful paintjob. It is a cheap and easily procured classroom and an ideal space for children to learn and grow to meet their potential.“In 1999 the Mandela Children’s Fund distributed 1 000 of our toys to teachers throughout South Africa. We included a feedback form. One teacher wrote: ‘We love the toys but I’m teaching in a shack. Please send us a school!’” says Nicholas Jaff, media representative for the Bright Kid Foundation. “This request inspired us to develop the Edutainer pre-school classroom which can be sent anywhere in South Africa.”Because the Edutainer is made by converting standard shipment containers the cost of production is relatively low; it is also easy to transport to rural areas, where proper classrooms are most needed.“I am very happy with the Edutainer as it provides me with a professional classroom to teach from and earn a salary for myself and my teachers from the school fees,” says Meriam Petla, a facilitator at Tswelopele Day Care Centre in the Free State province.The Edutainer features safety equipment such as fire extinguishers and burglar-proof windows, and basic such as doors, and an extractor fan and insulation to keep the container warm in winter and cool in summer. It can accommodate up to 25 children and comes stocked with books, toys and educational materials.The Bright Kid Foundation has supplied more than 200 Edutainers and “skilltainers” to communities across the country; its latest delivery, an early childhood development centre, is to Kromdraai in Muldersdrift, Western Gauteng.The skilltainers provide space for development and training projects. The organisation also provides “booktainers” to communities needing libraries. These provide space for residents to read, and come stocked with books and educational materials.SAFE AND SOUNDThe organisation converts decommissioned shipment containers, using only those in good condition, needing very few repairs and which are still structurally sound.“All our Edutainers … are MANTAG certified, ” says Jaff. A MANTAG certification is awarded to construction and conversion projects that meet stringent standards as laid out in the Agrément Innovative Construction Assessments, affiliated with the Department of Public Works. The assessment investigates and certifies the quality of insulation, ventilation, fire safety precautions, acoustic specifications and heat extraction, among other conversion requirements.Because the Edutainer is made by converting standard shipment containers the cost of production is relatively low; it is also easy to transport to rural areas, where proper classrooms are most neededThe Bright Kid Foundation Edutainer is the only South African container conversion with an official MANTAG certificate.The foundation also works with the Department of Education, several sector education and training authority (Seta) organisations, and service providers on skills development and enterprise development projects.The partnerships involve the Foundation delivering skilltainers to communities, and the department, Setas and service providers are responsible for using them correctly.“We believe that the work we do will have a major impact in improving the quality of life for those who are taught and trained in our skilltainer, Edutainers and booktainers,” says Jaff. “We are very happy to be able to improve the quality of people’s lives and to help improve the prospects for growth and success of South Africa.”PLAY YOUR PARTThe Bright Kid Foundation needs funding to continue to convert and supply containers.Corporate donors can improve BBBEE scorecards and opt to display company logos on sponsored containers.Contact the foundation at +27 11 786 3169 or 082 852 4867, via email, or visit the donate page.last_img read more


Tag: 夜上海金子

first_imgThis is going to be easy. It isn’t. If it were easy to produce better results, you’d already be producing those results. This lie is designed to make you believe that you aren’t going to have to expend energy–emotional and physical–to produce better results.This is going to be fast. You know better results don’t come quickly. It takes time. You are going to have to work at things longer than you want to. It takes less time than you might think, but it isn’t going to be instant.This is going to be cheap. Better results aren’t cheap. They cost you time, energy, and money. Major results require major investments. If you don’t make those investments, you will not generate the results.This won’t require work on your part. You know the pitch. Get rich quick. Get fit and healthy in 8 minutes a day. These lies are designed to make you believe you can have the results without doing the work. Better results require that you first do the work. Success is something you have to pay for in advance.This is going to be problem free. There is a learning curve. You are going to make mistakes. Things are going to go wrong. You are going to hit roadblocks, obstacles, and dead ends. You are going to be frustrated. You will have problems. And you will find your way through.Anyone can do this and succeed. No they can’t. No they aren’t. If the results you want were easy to produce, everyone would be producing those results. Look around. This isn’t true, is it? Most people aren’t disciplined or dedicated enough to produce the better results you have set as your goals.You won’t have to change. All the results you want in your life are on the other side of change. You have to change your beliefs. You have to change your behaviors and actions. Only then to you get the better results.You will get everything right the first time. No you won’t. You are a work in progress. You are going to make mistakes. You are going to stumble. You are going to fail. And you will most definitely fall off the wagon from time to time. You will get it right the third time – or maybe the fourth. But even then, you will find room to improve. Get the Free eBook! Want to master cold calling? Download my free eBook! Many would have you believe that cold calling is dead, but the successful have no fear of the phone; they use it to outproduce their competitors. Download Now A lot of people promise better results. If you work in sales, you promise better results. These are 8 of the lies about better results you can’t tell yourself, you can’t buy from others, and you can’t sell your clients.last_img read more


Tag: 夜上海金子

first_imgGurmeet Ram Rahim Singh, chief of Dera Sacha Sauda, whose supporters went on the rampage in Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan to protest the court verdict convicting him of rape, haD enjoyed the patronage and support of the BJP government in Haryana as well as Prime Minister Narendra Modi.On October 29, 2014, Mr. Modi lauded the Dera chief for he Swachh Bharat (clean India) mission. “Appreciable effort by Baba Ram Rahim ji & his team. Will motivate people across India to join Swachch Bharat Mission,” he had tweeted.Modi condemns violenceOn Friday, Mr. Modi put out a series of tweets condemning the violence in Haryana. “The instances of violence today are deeply distressing, I strongly condemn the violence and urge everyone to maintain peace. The law and order situation is being closely monitored. I reviewed the situation with NSA & Home Secretary. Urged officials to work round-the-clock to restore normality and provide all possible assistance that is required,” he said in his tweets.The Dera chief supported the BJP in the 2014 Assembly elections and Haryana Chief Minister M.L. Khattar’s association with the self-appointed cult leader is an open secret. On May 6, Mr. Khattar launched a special cleanliness drive with the Dera chief at his constituency in Karnal.Known for flashy clothes and producing films where he is the main protagonist, the Dera chief has held ‘success parties’ where senior BJP leaders like Kailash Vijayvargiya and Manoj Tiwari were present.The website of Dera Sacha Sauda says it’s a “spiritual organisation” and the sect has a huge following among Dalit Sikhs.Haryana’s Education Minister Ram Bilas Sharma said last week that the Dera followers were peace-loving people. A few months ago he handed a cheque for ₹51 lakh to the Dera chief as a mark of support. A year ago, Health and Sports Minister Anil Vij drew flak from the Congress for donating ₹50 lakh to the Dera chief.last_img read more