Video Editing: What Are J-Cuts and L-Cuts?

Tag: 上海kb最新

first_imgThere are several video editing techniques every professional needs to know. Let’s take a look at two of them: the J-cut and L-cut.If you’re in the business of video editing (or would like to be), then two techniques you absolutely must know are the J-cut and the L-cut. Editors use these techniques to allow audiences to see the context of the dialogue rather than just the dialogue itself.Let’s look at the best ways to incorporate J-cuts and L-cuts into your next production. To do this, we’ll look at some of the very best uses of these techniques in film history.A History of J & L-CutsEven before the days of cinema, artists developed stories through a combination of images. This early form of storytelling and editing can be seen on the walls of the pyramids or in the triptych paintings of the Middle Ages. With the 20th century development of the film camera and the subsequent addition of sound to filmmaking, the editing techniques of the J-cut and L-cut appeared.Image: Scene from The Jazz Singer via Warner Bros. The image above is from 1927’s The Jazz Singer. Heralded as the first “talkie,” the film introduced audiences to fully synced sound and imagery. Another thing it introduced to audiences: the first use of the L-cut. While we see and hear actor Al Jolson talking to his bandmates, the camera cuts to audience members taking their seats. In the video below (via WarnerBrosOnline), we can see one of the very first L-cuts play out in real time. What makes a L-cut or J-cut work is the combination of dialogue and imagery. For an L-cut, the dialogue continues as the camera cuts to another image. For a J-cut, the dialogue plays while we see contextual images, but then cuts to the source of the dialogue.Why Use a J-Cut or L-Cut?Using a J-cut or an L-cut is all about keeping the flow of the edit moving without becoming boring. If a J-cut or L-cut is performed properly, then the audience will never notice it taking place. This same theory is really true for any editing technique.Image: an example of an L-cut Think about the films we watch and the dialogue sequences within them. During these sequences, the editor isn’t constantly cutting back and forth to each character as they talk. Doing this would be very distracting. Instead, an L-cut is used.This technique sees Character A speaking, but then the scene cuts to Character B as Character A continues their dialogue. By doing this, the editor is allowing viewers to hear the dialogue while also seeing the reaction of Character B, giving the audience a better overall understanding of the scene.Image: an example of a J-cut The J-cut is the opposite of the L-cut. With this technique, the viewer hears the dialogue of Character A — but only sees Character B on screen. From this shot of Character B (which provides emotional information and context for the scene), the editor cuts back to Character A. Where Else Can You Use a J-Cut or L-Cut?As discussed above, the best time to use either technique is during a scene with dialogue, but these techniques can also come in handy during any scene with connecting action to a specific sound.In the video above from Movieclips Coming Soon, we see how sound effects were used in conjunction with visuals to pull off a very compact but vital J-cut in Raiders of the Lost Ark. After Indy swaps the bag of sand for the idol, he begins to walk away. Sounds begin to grow off camera, causing Indy to look back. The camera then cuts to the shot of the idol room breaking and falling apart, giving us context for the sound.Again, the entire point of using these techniques is to progress the story forward in a compelling way. We’ll leave you with one of the most iconic J-cuts/L-cuts of all time. Director Stanley Kubrick uses both techniques to perfection in 2001: A Space Odyssey. HAL 9000 can only convey a voice with no emotional queues. Because of this, Kubrick utilizes the character of Dave to give us the emotion of the scene. This plays out (as seen in the clip below via Jim Nielson) as the film cuts back and forth between Dave deactivating HAL and the AI urging Dave to stop.What are your favorite uses of J-cuts and L-cuts? Please share them in the comments below!last_img read more


Tag: 上海kb最新

first_img“Amit Shah [BJP president] also did not attend the NDA’s dinner meeting in Patna…why is nobody asking about his absence there?”, asked Rashtriya Lok Samata Party chief and Union Minister of State Upendra Kushwaha on Friday after reaching Patna. On Thursday Mr. Kushwaha skipped the crucial NDA meet meant to put up a “united front” amid discordant voices from alliance partners.Speaking to the media at the airport, Mr. Kushwaha expressed surprise over why so much importance was given to his absence at the event, when it was for the party leaders and workers.“It was due to some personal reasons I could not attend the event but my party leaders did,” said Mr. Kushwaha. Before leaving for his Parliamentary constituency Karakat in Rohtas district, he also asserted that there was no discontent in the NDA in Bihar.Also read: BJP’s ally troubles — Upendra Kushwaha skips NDA dinner meeting“I’m not unhappy or displeased with the NDA as is being speculated…NDA is united and intact,” he said. Though, he also confirmed that he would not be attending the iftar party hosted by senior Bihar BJP leader and Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi.Mr. Kushwaha evaded a question on his party’s senior leader Nagamani’s statement ahead of the NDA meeting that the alliance should declare him (Kushwaha) as its leader in the Assembly poll in 2020. “You should pose this question to Mr. Nagamani,” Mr. Kushwaha said.Mr. Nagamani, who is national working president of the RLSP, had said that his party chief “represents a caste group which comprised 10% of Bihar’s total population which is next only to the Yadavs and hence his projection as the NDA’s leader would benefit the coalition.”Meanwhile, taking a dig at Mr. Kushwaha’s absence, RJD Rajya Sabha MP and national spokesperson Manoj Jha said, “What is happening in the NDA shows there is a tectonic shift in Indian politics as the common man sees himself pitted against the arrogant BJP… leaders like Mr. Kushwaha have begun to do a rethink over their alliance with the BJP and many more would follow suit in the near future.”RJD alliance partner and leader of the Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular) Jitan Ram Manjhi invited Mr. Kushwaha to join the RJD-led Grand Alliance but not with his demand “to be the CM candidate as this position is already reserved for Tejashwi Yadav.”Mr. Kushwaha had met RJD chief Lalu Prasad when he was admitted in the AIIMS in Delhi and the meeting had triggered speculation about Mr. Kushwaha’s future moves.last_img read more


Tag: 上海kb最新

first_imgPhoto by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netArellano continued its ascent in the 2017 Filoil Flying V Preseason Premier Cup, escaping with a 67-63 victory over St. Benilde for its second win Friday at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.The Chiefs squandered a 10-point lead, 65-55, in the final 2:21 of the game as the Blazers fought back and got to as close as four, 67-63, after a Yankie Haruna layup with 27.5 remaining.ADVERTISEMENT BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR Quarters: 13-10, 36-31, 51-49, 67-63.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast Palace: Duterte to hear out security execs on alleged China control of NGCP LATEST STORIES St. Benilde forced another turnover, Arellano’s fourth in the last two minutes, but the clock just wasn’t on its side as JJ Domingo missed two freebies with the time winding down.Despite the eyesore of a victory, coach Jerry Codiñera would rather focus on the positives as he continues his buildup for the upcoming NCAA season.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“Anything that will give us a positive step is always a welcome note for us and we’re embracing that,” he said. “Our turnovers were horrible, but I’ll find a way for us to improve going to the NCAA season.”Lervin Flores showed the way for the Chiefs with 16 points, nine rebounds, and six blocks, while Kraniel Villoria added five of his 14 markers in the fourth quarter, while also dishing five assists. Zach Nicholls also went 3-of-6 from beyond the arc to wound up with nine points for Arellano.The trio’s efforts made up for the silent outing of Kent Salado, who played through a mild knee injury and went scoreless in 23 minutes on the floor.Clement Leutcheu topped the Blazers (1-6) with 17 points and 10 rebounds, while Emmanuel San Juan had 10 in the defeat.The Scores:ARELLANO 67 – Flores 16, Villoria 14, Nicholls 9, Enriquez 6, Meca 6, Canete 6, Taywan 5, Rivera 3, Ongolo Ongolo 1, Abanes 1, Salado 0, Concepcion 0, Aguilar 0, De Guzman 0, Padilla 0, Chavez 0, Filart 0.ST. BENILDE 63 – Leutcheu 17, San Juan 10, Pili 6, Belgica 6, Naboa 5, Haruna 4, Mercado 4, JJ Domingo 3, Dixon 3, Sta. Maria 2, Johnson 2, Velasco 1, Castor 0, Young 0, Bunyi 0.ADVERTISEMENT Cayetano dares Lacson, Drilon to take lie-detector test: Wala akong kinita sa SEA Gamescenter_img Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ MOST READ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. BSP survey: PH banks see bright horizon amid dark global recession clouds Every 18 seconds someone is diagnosed with HIV Pacquiao’s Friday training called off View commentslast_img read more


Tag: 上海kb最新

first_img The Minister, who is scheduled to open the debate on the Bill during today’s sitting of the House of Representatives, said the concerns raised in the media were unexpected as “I did not table the Bill without having the necessary consultations”. Story Highlights Minister of Local Government and Community Development, Hon. Desmond McKenzie, says he will be inviting architects and engineers to a meeting to discuss issues they have raised about the new Building Bill.He made the disclosure while addressing a national building policy workshop at The Jamaica Pegasus hotel in New Kingston on Tuesday (June 6).The Minister, who is scheduled to open the debate on the Bill during today’s sitting of the House of Representatives, said the concerns raised in the media were unexpected as “I did not table the Bill without having the necessary consultations”.He indicated that within his first three months as Local Government Minister, he held extensive discussions with various players in the building industry.“Before we sent this Bill to have the final work done on it, we circulated it, we invited (stakeholders) in the business (to make recommendations), and early this year, I met with the team and we signed off on what was tabled in Parliament,” he noted.The Minister said significant changes were made to the Bill based on the suggestions put forward, but noted that it was not possible to accommodate all views. He noted that the accompanying Regulations will address some of the concerns outlined.Minister McKenzie said the country cannot afford to postpone the debate “on the long-awaited and important bit of legislation that needs to guide the country’s building development”.The Building Bill seeks to establish a modern legislative framework that will serve to reduce the vulnerability of Jamaica’s built environment and ensure public safety and welfare; minimise damage caused by natural and man-made hazards; prevent squatter settlements; and promote sustainable development.The legislation will also streamline the permit application system to eliminate unnecessary referrals and expedite responses; facilitate the introduction of special express services; and ensure the rights of persons with disabilities regarding accessibility, safety and user-friendliness.It also provides for the establishment of the National Building Code, and identifies the Bureau of Standards Jamaica as the agency that will set the acceptable local and international standards for construction.In addition, the legislation establishes that the municipal corporations are to be the local building authorities and will be responsible for inspecting, certifying and taking the actions necessary to approve new structures, change existing buildings, or destroy dangerous structures.center_img Minister of Local Government and Community Development, Hon. Desmond McKenzie, says he will be inviting architects and engineers to a meeting to discuss issues they have raised about the new Building Bill.last_img read more


Tag: 上海kb最新

first_imgStory Highlights Minister of Justice, Hon. Delroy Chuck, has warned that delinquent drivers may soon be required to clear outstanding traffic tickets before they are able to renew their driver’s licence.“The system is not working, and we have to find an alternative way, and we are going to find it, because all those tickets have to be paid,” he said.“ I am proposing… that all of those warrants, all of those unpaid tickets will be put against the driver’s licence of those individuals and be put against the vehicle that was being driven, so when that vehicle comes to be renewed, [it] can’t be renewed until the driver pays the fine,” Minister Chuck said.“We want to put in place those provisions, so those persons who feel they can collect tickets like confetti, must know that their day of reckoning is at hand,” he added.Emphasising the problem of unpaid traffic tickets, Minister Chuck noted that at the Kingston Traffic Court alone, 65,000 persons did not pay for the first six months of this year. He argued that with unpaid tickets sent to the courts after 30 days, that amounts to about 10,000 per month.“That’s about 500 warrants on average being issued every day,” Minister Chuck lamented.He pledged that “we are going to collect every single one. If you don’t think you breached the law, go fight it in court, but you can’t just ignore the law like that”.Minister Chuck pointed out that there have been three moratoriums to allow for persons with outstanding traffic tickets to pay, and there are no plans to have another.He is encouraging motorists with outstanding tickets to call the traffic headquarters at the Elleston Road Police Station. “They have data of every ticket that has not been paid,” he indicated.Minister Chuck was speaking at a Justice of the Peace (JP) training session at the Wembley Centre of Excellence in Hayes, Clarendon, on Thursday (October 18).The session was held to hear the concerns of the JP and assist them with providing solutions for issues they face while they serve citizens. Minister of Justice, Hon. Delroy Chuck, has warned that delinquent drivers may soon be required to clear outstanding traffic tickets before they are able to renew their driver’s licence.center_img “The system is not working, and we have to find an alternative way, and we are going to find it, because all those tickets have to be paid,” he said.last_img read more