Archer Fish Amplifies Muscle with Physics

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first_img(Visited 36 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The secret of the archer fish’s powerful spits has been discovered, and it isn’t powerful muscles.The fish that shoots bugs out of the air uses physics, a paper in PLoS ONE declared.  By letting physics amplify the momentum in the drop shot out of the water, the fish achieves six times the wallop its own muscles can attain.  Nature News posted a video of the fish and described how it works:The researchers found that the first section of the water to leave the fish’s mouth was traveling about two meters per second. But as the fish continued to expel water into the jet, the speed increased. This back-end power forced more water and momentum into the “head” of the jet. “As a result, the power that the head of the jet can deliver upon impact increases during shooting,” the authors explained in their paper.Vailati and team found that this is similar to a mechanism used by on-demand inkjet printers.  In a strange symbiosis of biomimetics, printer engineers may be able to improve their designs by studying how the fish accomplishes what they came up with independently.Nature News also quoted the authors’ evolutionary inclinations from their paper:The fish’s strategy is evolutionarily clever. “This advantage would come without the evolutionary cost for the development of highly specialized internal structures dedicated to the storing of mechanical energy,” the authors noted.See also PhysOrg and BBC News.   Source: Vailati A, Zinnato L, Cerbino R (2012) How Archer Fish Achieve a Powerful Impact: Hydrodynamic Instability of a Pulsed Jet in Toxotes jaculatrix. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47867. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047867.Evolution is not clever.  Evolution does not calculate the cost of development.  Evolution does not design specialized internal structures dedicated to the storing of mechanical energy.  Once again, we see evolution tacked on to a design story like some kind of vestigial organ from the 1800’s.The archer fish was one of the illustrations of design used by early films from Moody Institute of Science.  It remains a good illustration today, in fact, even more so.   There’s much more than muscle involved.  The fish has to correct for distortion at the air-water interface, have a perfect aim, calculate the height, and know the energy required to get the bug to release its strong grip on the twig.  All these things must work together for the fish to eat.  How many archer fish had to die before the right mutations came along?  Get real; get intelligent design.last_img read more


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first_imgPlanting out young honeybush seedlings. (Image: Marina Joubert) The Cyclopia maculata honeybush speciesgrows naturally in the area around Genadendal. (Image: Marina Joubert) MEDIA CONTACTS • Marina Joubert   Southern Science   +27 83 409 4254RELATED ARTICLES • South Africa develops rooibos flavour wheel • Research to boost rooibos exports • Rooibos yoghurt fights cancer • Emerging farmers on the rise • Online ad help for small businessWilma den HartighSouth Africa’s honeybush tea industry has been identified as an important growth sector in the country’s economy, according to a recent study.According to Stephen Hobson, an agricultural economist from Stellenbosch University who led the study, the industry has the potential to grow from an annual average of 150 tons of tea processed to 1 500 tons, thereby increasing its annual turnover from R10-million (US$$124 000) to R100-million ($12.4 million).The study was commissioned by the Coega Development Corporation, on behalf of the Eastern Cape Department of Economic Development and Environmental Affairs and the South African Honeybush Tea Association.“At present, the local and international demand for honeybush far outstrips the supply, so there is significant room for growth,” Hobson said in a statement.Competitive edgeThe honeybush industry, which is only 12 years old, is still in its infancy. In 2010 a total of 139 tons of honeybush tea was exported. The main buyers of honeybush are the Netherlands, Germany, the UK and US.However, this is only the beginning of what the industry can achieve. Honeybush has a unique selling point as it is indigenous to South Africa and grows only within the fynbos region.“We believe that honeybush should be marketed and positioned as a unique, niche product,” says Marlise Joubert, a researcher at the Agricultural Research Council (ARC) Infruitec Nietvoorbij Research Institute in Stellenbosch.According to Tea & Coffee Asia, the Asia region’s quarterly journal for the tea and coffee businesses, Honeybush tea is fast becoming a mainstream product and a strong competitor for Rooibos tea, South Africa’s other highly successful herbal tea export.If the expected growth targets for the industry are achieved, honeybush cultivation could make a major contribution to job creation and poverty alleviation in the Western and Eastern Cape.With increased production and formalised cultivation practices, the industry can remain sustainable and contribute to much-needed economic developed in poor communities.Growing the industryIndustry statistics show that cultivated honeybush is harvested from fewer than 10 farmers who have established successful honeybush plantations.“Currently 70% of honeybush tea is wild-harvested, and only 30% cultivated – a situation that is not sustainable,” Hobson said, adding that the industry must reverse this ratio, and work towards cultivating the bulk of the honeybush crop by involving small and emerging farmers.Cultivating honeybush on a larger scale will help to supply the growing demand for honeybush and it will relieve the pressure on wild honeybush populations.Harnessing indigenous knowledgeA honeybush farming project in the town of Genadendal in the Western Cape is a good example of the industry’s efforts to establish the town’s small farmers as independent producers of the unique product.There are at least 20 different species of honeybush, but Cyclopia maculata is the species which grows naturally in the area around Genadendal.The goal of the project, which was launched last year, is to work with the people of Genadendal to grow honeybush commercially and sustainably.Researchers from the ARC are working closely with the Genadendal Small Farmers’ Association, led by local community leader Reverend Chris Wessels.The Genadendal community has a long history of harvesting and processing wild-growing honeybush. However, honeybush production can be challenging as farming practices vary depending on the species and area.Farmers also need access to seeds or seedlings, knowledge about soil preparation, plantation care, harvesting, processing and marketing.Good farming principlesTo help local farmers cultivate honeybush successfully, the industry is compiling a growers’ guide to honeybush farming.With step-by-step information and basic illustrations, the handbook will equip small-scale farmers with the necessary skills and knowledge needed to grow honeybush.“As a young industry poised for expansion, we have a huge responsibility to ensure that we adopt biodiversity-friendly farming practices,” Joubert says.The industry is teaming up with local authorities in the Western and Eastern Cape to control and protect wild honeybush, thereby ensuring sustainable harvesting.Market developmentProfessor Lizette Joubert, a researcher at the ARC Infruitec Nietvoorbij Research Institute in Stellenbosch, says that the specific type of honeybush that grows in the Genadendal area holds significant economic potential for the local community.She says it is important to produce a unique herbal tea that can compete in local and foreign herbal tea markets based on its quality, taste, flavour and health benefits.“That is why researchers will investigate and document the sensory characteristics and health-promoting properties of honeybush tea grown near Genadendal,” she adds.The project also aims to add value to locally produced honeybush by looking at the production of extracts that can be used in many applications in the food and cosmetics industries.Johan Kritzinger, director of Honeybush Natural Products, a processing company, was quoted in Tea & Coffee Asia, saying “the future for honeybush would appear to be extremely bright”.A variety of research initiatives undertaken by the scientific community has shown that honeybush has numerous marketable aspects, such as its health properties. It’s caffeine-free and has a high content of antioxidants, which are believed to have anti-cancer properties.Research has also found that honeybush can be blended with other herbs to create beverages with specific health benefits.Modern consumers want to buy healthy beverages and this is increasing the demand for products such as honeybush.last_img read more


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first_img19 December 2013South African Airways has been named as the best airline to Africa by readers of three well-known business travel magazines in the United States, reaffirming its long- standing position as Africa’s most awarded airline and preferred carrier for business travel to the continent, the national carrier said in a statement on Wednesday.<p. The “triple crown of awards” was bestowed by readers of Premier Traveler Magazine, Business Traveler Magazine and Global Traveler Magazine.Global Traveler named SAA as Africa’s best airline for the tenth consecutive year, earning the airline a spot in the magazine’s hall of fame.The magazines’ readers are described as “well-seasoned global travellers who are experienced in evaluating the services provided to passengers by airlines”.“The readers of these three prestigious magazines are truly discriminating and difficult to impress, given their extensive travel to all corners of the globe,” said Marc Cavaliere, SAA’s Head of Global Sales Development and Alliances.“It is certainly a feather in our cap to be named their favorite airline to the African continent, and to even earn a spot in Global Traveler’s hall of fame. We will work hard to continue to earn their loyalty and praise by offering the most convenient schedules and the most comfortable amenities from North America to the African continent.”Africa’s most awarded airlineIn addition to those awards, SAA was named the best airline in Africa in a global customer satisfaction survey at the 50th International Paris Air Show in June, at the Skytrax World Airline Awards ceremony.It was SAA’s eleventh consecutive year of winning the best airline in Africa award, making it the continent’s most awarded airline.Skytrax, an independent aviation research organisation, annually conducts a customer satisfaction survey of 18-million business and leisure air travellers from 160 countries to choose the winners from more than 200 airlines. These range from the largest international airlines to smaller domestic carriers.Forty-one key performance indicators for passenger satisfaction are measured, including check-in, boarding, onboard seat comfort, cabin cleanliness, food, beverages, inflight entertainment and staff service.Since the beginning of 2013, SAA has also scooped six accolades including a 4 Star Skytrax rating for the eleventh consecutive year, the on-time performance service award by Flightstats as the winner in the Middle East and Africa region, and African cargo airline of the year from STAT Times, which is an international award for excellence, according to a report on Fin24.SAA operates to 42 destinations worldwide, including 26 destinations across Africa. Domestically, it offers 660 flights a week. SAinfo reporter and SAAlast_img

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first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Today, the American Tree Farm System (ATFS) announced the 2018 National Outstanding Tree Farmer of the Year. This year’s honorees are Randy and Koral Clum of east central Ohio. The Clums have been sustainably managing Hepatica Falls Tree Farm, their 152-acre certified forestland in southwestern Harrison County, since they purchased the property in 1993.While Randy and Koral Clum had spent much of their careers in forestry, they hadn’t managed their own property until they acquired their tree farm. Since then, they’ve been dedicated to creating a working forest that produces high-quality timber while managing for water, wildlife and recreation, as well as using their woodland to educate others about the benefits of the forest and good management principles.“It’s an amazing honor and I feel blessed to have worked with all the people that we’ve worked with. We are honored to be recognized in this way,” Koral Clum said.Randy Clum added, “What’s been important to us about the American Tree Farm System is the education component. It’s a way to meet other tree farmers, to expand their knowledge, to expose them to bigger and better things, and to what other tree farmers have been doing for the last few decades. It’s good principles. It’s good standards. It’s what tree farming’s all about, clean air, clean water, timber, recreation, aesthetics all rolled into one package.”Randy and Koral Clum are frequent speakers on forest management during seminars, field days, and other educational workshops. The couple also has served on numerous advisory boards and held officer positions for organizations such as Ohio Society of American Foresters, Ohio Tree Farm Committee, Ohio Farm Bureau, and the East Central Ohio Forestry Association. Sharing their love of forestry has grown over the years, and recently Randy has adopted social media to engage and educate others who want to know more about family forest ownership and best management practices.“The Clums are model landowners who have done great work on their land, for sustainable wood, clean water, improved wildlife habitat, and recreation,” said Tom Martin, President and CEO of the American Forest Foundation, the non-profit conservation group that manages the American Tree Farm System. “Randy and Koral have been terrific stewards of their land and have also taken that a step further to reach out to their neighbors and their community to all work together to make our forests healthier. This type of sharing and education is a key value of ATFS.”The Clums were nominated for the award by Jeremy Scherf, Service Forester for the Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Forestry and 2016 National Tree Farm Inspector of the Year.“Hepatica Falls Tree Farm is one of the best managed properties around. So, when you think of forestry in Ohio, it’s hard not to think of Randy and Koral Clum. While they are foresters by profession, they are generous educators at heart,” Scherf said. “The Clums volunteer a lot of their time to educate others about forestry, both locally and statewide. The countless hours they spend donating their time to help teach others about our forests is remarkable.”Managing their land for timber sales, the Clums have adhered to the high standards of ATFS certification. This requires tree selection with consideration for forest health, spacing, risk, markets, aesthetics, wildlife, and long-term productivity. These best management practices and their love of the land have ensured erosion control near Stillwater Creek and they have protected and improved habitat for many wildlife species, including bobcat, coyote, river otter, deer, spring peepers, wild turkey, ruffed grouse, wood duck, turkey vulture, red-tailed hawk, pileated woodpecker, woodcock, barred owl, kingfisher, wren, towhee, scarlet tanager, goldfinch, hummingbird, and Louisiana water thrush.“Some people feel that cutting trees is hard on the wildlife, but in this part of Ohio, the missing component for a lot of wildlife is the early successional forest, the young trees,” Koral said. “We also leave cavity trees for birds, squirrels and other species.”Each year, ATFS recognizes four Regional Outstanding Tree Farmers out of the 73,000 Tree Farmers nationwide. This year, ATFS is proud to also recognize the regional awardees: Russell Black from Maine; Jon and Carol Gould from Florida; and Dan Kingsbury from Washington, along with the Clums.“Our past timber sales have been a blessing from the standpoint of creating more diversity as far as food and habitat. It has introduced so much diversity with edge effect and young successional stage for so many different species of not only animals, but also bird species, insects—pollinators. It just worked out better than we ever imagined,” Randy said.Individuals considered for the award must demonstrate exceptional efforts to preserve and enhance their woodlands, which conserves and enhances clean water and air, wildlife habitat, recreational activities, and the wood for homes and paper products that come from their land, all of which are exemplified on the ATFS sign.To learn more about the 2018 Outstanding Tree Farmers of the Year, visit: https://www.forestfoundation.org/2018-outstanding-tree-farmers .last_img read more


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first_imgFormer Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Monday hit out at the BJP government at the Centre, saying the way it had worked in a negative manner on India’s history it could endanger country’s freedom again.“..our nation attained freedom years back in which the Congress party had a great role to play…but the way the BJP government during the last four-and-a-half years had been working in a negative manner on India’s history, it could endanger the country’s freedom once again,” said Mr. Singh at the relaunch of Navjivan, the Hindi newspaper of Associated Journals Limited (AJL) here.Mr. Singh said: “I appeal to people across the country that they should understand that this (BJP) government is taking the country in the wrong direction. People need to put up a fight.”Congress president Rahul Gandhi also lashed out at the Modi government for “failing to address the concerns of farmers and the youth of the country”.“The country is in the grip of anger, and it’s rising..the reason behind this is the fact that the BJP government is not able to give jobs to the youth and this is the key challenge before the government,” he said, adding that government was completely indifferent towards farmers’ problems as well.Mr. Gandhi said: “Farmers for them (BJP) is a liability. But I want to tell them that without farmers the country won’t move ahead – be it 21st or 22nd century. It’s absolutely clear that without food security and farmers prosperous future, the country can’t move forward.”“Institutions such as the Army, media and judiciary across the country are being used by the Prime Minister for political gains, putting the country’s independence under threat,” he said.‘Atmosphere of fear’ Mr. Gandhi said an atmosphere of fear has been created in the country, the media industry was being threatened and suppressed by the BJP. “The BJP and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh don’t want to listen or read anything against them. The media should write and present facts without fear. Congress is always ready to face criticism and correct ourself if we are wrong – that is the difference between us (Congress) and them (BJP),” said Mr. Gandhi.Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh and Cabinet Minister Navjot Singh Sidhu did not attend the event as both were unwell.last_img read more


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first_imgAndray Blatche has more than proven his worth with the Philippine national team. —FIBA.BASKETBALLBecause of his size—and how great he played for Team Philippines in the last qualifying window—Andray Blatche is Yeng Guiao’s first choice as a naturalized player in the event that the Philippines fails to get the green light from Fiba to have Jordan Clarkson play as a Filipino.“Right now, he has earned that if you ask me,” Guiao said of Blatche, the hero in a 93-75 victory over Kazakhstan on Sunday that sewed up a second straight World Cup stint for the country. “His size is vital in international tournaments.”ADVERTISEMENT View comments “I’m not saying that [he will not be allowed to play]. I’m just saying that it will be difficult to seek that exemption. We are 12 teams and we have to take a look at that very carefully.”A successful appeal for Clarkson will allow the Cleveland Cavaliers standout in the NBA to suit up alongside Blatche and give the country a fighting chance to advance past the group stages of the World Cup.Meanwhile, every member of the team—counting coaching staff—got bonuses from the MVP group and another staunch basketball patron in Ramon S. Ang of San Miguel Corp.Details of the financial incentive were not disclosed, though Alfrancis Chua, Barangay Ginebra’s representative to the PBA board and SMC director of basketball operations, admitted RSA’s part of the bonus.“Do you see anyone with a long face in this table?” a smiling Manny V. Pangilinan said in Filipino, referring to the players, before making everyone laugh when he joked: “Sometimes it’s cheaper for the team to lose.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem UST tests FEU, La Salle stakes unbeaten record vs UP Hong Kong tunnel reopens, campus siege nears end Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbed Trump campaign, GOP groups attack Google’s new ad policy Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. center_img P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbed MOST READ PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte At 6-feet-11 with the ability to play the perimeter with ease, Blatche’s talent fits the international game. He scored 41 points and had 14 rebounds against the Kazakhs, shooting 17 of his total in a torrid first quarter effort that dictated the pace of the game.Meanwhile, Blatche’s stint in the PBA Commissioner’s Cup this year was canned immediately, with chair Ricky Vargas not wanting that to set a precedent in breaking the league’s import rules.“While we want him to play with us and be with us, there are certain rules that we have to adhere to,” Vargas said in a press conference after a board meeting on Friday. “Otherwise, it will really kill the PBA process.”The height limit for imports in the Commissioner’s Cup is 6-foot-10, and Vargas also said that it would be unfair for the 11 other teams in the field if Blatche, who is listed at 6-11, will be given a special exemption.The door, though, is not entirely closed.ADVERTISEMENT 1 dead, 3 injured in Quezon road crash LATEST STORIES But Guiao wouldn’t mind not having to make a choice.“I’m happy with Andray,” he said. “I’ll be happier [if he can play] with Jordan Clarkson.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesThe country can’t suit up both Clarkson and Blatche in China in the Aug. 31 to Sept. 15 showcase because the international cage federation still recognizes Clarkson as a naturalized player.The Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas is currently working on an appeal to get Clarkson to play as a local.last_img read more


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first_imgMOST READ Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss UP sweeps La Salle in UAAP elims “Our last six losses all boiled down on the breaks of the game,” Jarencio said. “But this time, it’s like we played a perfect game. From first half all the way to the second.“We really finished strong,” he added. “The players knew that our backs are against the wall.”Batang Pier, now with a 3-6 record, not only snapped KaTropa’s five-game winning streak but also snuffed out their chances of securing the twice-to-beat advantage in the quarterfinals.TNT wrapped up its elimination round campaign at 7-4 and are now sitting at the fourth place in the tournament ladder.“The key was communication,” Jarencio said, whose squad are still due to play two more teams in Alaska and Barangay Ginebra. “Our defense? Our offense? It has all been laid out prior the conference. But communication? That was what we’re able to tweak [this game].ADVERTISEMENT NorthPort needs no less than a sweep of its final two assignments and for the Top 8’s bottom half to lose their remaining games to qualify for the next round of hostilities.Batang Pier tackles the Alaska Aces this Wednesday before facing crowd favorite Barangay Ginebra on April 3.The scores:NorthPort 109 – Pringle 27, Anthony 14, Tautuaa 13, Taha 13, Flores 11, Grey 9, Bolick 8, Elorde 8, Lanete 6, Guinto 0, Sollano 0.TNT 83 – Trollano 15, Washington 13, Pogoy 10, Cruz 7, Reyes 7, Castro 7, Rosario 6, Miranda 6, Taha 5, Williams 4, Golla 2, Semerad 1, Heruela 0, Carey 0, Casino 0.Quarters: 22-16, 53-31, 82-61, 109-83.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Bloomberg: US would benefit from more, not fewer, immigrants Google Philippines names new country director PBA IMAGESNorthPort coach Pido Jarencio asked his wards to make a name for themselves following a six-game slide that had caused its playoff bid to slowly fade away.The Batang Pier heeded that call with a wire-to-wire victory to overwhelm TNT, 109-83, in the PBA Philippine Cup Sunday at Araneta Coliseum.ADVERTISEMENTcenter_img Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Wintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving LATEST STORIES “I told them, legends are made when their team is down,” Jarencio said in Filipino. “That’s our situation right now. We want to make a name for ourselves.”The Batang Pier cranked it up in the middle quarters, breaking loose for a 27-point cushion behind the performances of Stanley Pringle, who scored a total of 27 and do-it-all forward Sean Anthony, who finished with 14.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsSophomore Lervyn Flores registered a career-best 13 points that earned him the Player of the Game nod.NorthPort erected a 30-point bubble to keep TNT squarely on the back seat and fan the flames of their bid to crack the Top 8 of the Philippine Cup. Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag View commentslast_img read more


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first_imgAjax goalkeeper Onana confesses he’d welcome Barcelona returnby Carlos Volcano24 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveAjax goalkeeper André Onana has confessed he’d welcome a return to Barcelona.Onana was linked with Barca over the summer.And he told Marca: “It has always been my club, it gave me everything, it allowed me to return to Europe and I am very grateful. “If Barcelona shows interest again for me, I will go with great pleasure, but we do not know what can happen. “I am very grateful to the coaches I have had.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img


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first_imgSome NCAA Tournament emojis.If you’re one of those people who can only communicate on text using emojis, The Washington Post has you covered for March Madness this year. The publication has designed emojis for all 68 NCAA Tournament teams, along with a number for squads that just missed the cut. And to be honest, they did an incredible job. Here are the emojis for the Kentucky Wildcats and the Duke Blue Devils, two of the favorites to win it all this year. They’re fantastic.Kentucky DukeHere’s the entire grid – you can click through to see more. You can also save them to your phone if you open the link in a regular browser.EmojisCollege basketball fans – will you be using them this March?last_img


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first_imgImagine having to traverse through a riverbed to get to and from your community on a daily basis, or travel for miles using the alternative route when it becomes impassable.That was the reality for hundreds of residents in several communities in North East St. Catherine, when the Dover Castle main road was left impassable following the collapse of a bridge during Tropical Storm Nicole in 2010.The collapsed bridge meant that motorists had to drive through an orange grove to get to the communities of Redwood and Guys Hill.With the Government’s recent construction of a $23.3 million Bailey bridge, the residents’ lives have been significantly changed and they now have easier access to their homes.The single lane bridge, which was officially opened last week, replaces the structure that collapsed two years ago. It serves the communities of Dover Castle, Redwood, Jubilee Town, Golden Grove, Guys Hill and adjoining areas.Speaking to JIS News, resident Devon Morris, says he is extremely grateful. “What dem do today was nice and joyful. Dem see to it that we get a bridge so everything will be alright, we can drive through comfortable,” he says.He adds that without the bridge, “we have a hard time with people coming into the district”.Joined by several other beneficiaries, Mr. Morris thanked the Government and National Works Agency (NWA), for the new bridge.Speaking to JIS News during the official opening, Minister of State in the Ministry of Transport, Works and Housing, Hon. Richard Azan, said the project, which got underway in January this year, was completed within schedule and budget.Works included the construction of gabion baskets; bridge abutments; a rubble retaining wall and approach roads.The State Minister urged operators of heavy duty vehicles to use alternative routes at John’s Pen and Berkshire Hall, as the structure has a carrying capacity of only 50 tonnes.Meanwhile, NWA Communications Manager, Stephen Shaw, says warning signs will be erected shortly to advise motorists of the limited carrying capacity.“Being a 50-tonne structure, we don’t expect to see a trailer going across this bridge because it is not built to accommodate those types of units,” he tells JIS News.Mr. Shaw is urging residents to assist in keeping the structure in place and to ensure that it is not compromised by misuse. “What we would also be appealing to residents to do, is assist us in keeping this very vital piece of infrastructure in place. They are the ones who have been suffering since Tropical Storm Nicole in 2010, when they had to be walking in the river bed, climbing out and then finding their way beyond this point. So they have an interest in ensuring that the bridge stays in place and is not compromised in any way by misuse,” he says.Member of Parliament for North East St. Catherine, Gregory Mair, commended the Government for undertaking the project. “This is a process that was initiated all the way back from 2010 and the present Government made it their business to see it come to its completion. I am very happy for the people in the surrounding areas; finally we got the bridge done. So I think it’s a relief and I am extremely appreciative for the construction of this bridge,” he said.Other works under the project included: river training works 50 metres upstream and 50 metres downstream; realignment of the roadway; and the raising and re-paving of the roadway with asphaltic concrete.The contractor for the project was Aegisco Limited.By Chris Patterson, JIS Reporterlast_img read more