How Man City will lineup vs Lyon after latest injuries for UCL clash

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first_imgPep Guardiola insists compatriot David Silva is in the perfect shape to lead Manchester City’s Champions League assault.Advertisement The veteran playmaker will leave the club at the end of the competition and is determined to complete his full set of major trophies by conquering Europe. And Guardiola admits he didn’t even try to convince Silva to extend his stay after 10 years at the club.He is widely expected to complete a free transfer to Lazio and Guardiola added: “He decided at the beginning of the season to move on.“He wanted to spend one decade here and now it is time for a new experience.”City will be without Sergio Aguero, who is yet to travel to Lisbon from Barcelona following a knee operation.It means the Argentina striker faces a race to play any part in the competition, with only a week to get up to match fitness if City progress to the final.Guardiola said: “He’s still in Barcelona. I think he should come here and do a test. It’s only been a few days.Gabriel Jesus should continue to lead City’s attack in the absence of Aguero, with Raheem Sterling on the left.The right wing is likely to be the only position in the front three up for grabs, with Riyad Mahrez, Phil Foden and Bernardo Silva all pushing to start.Guardiola must also decide if Eric Garcia will partner Aymeric Laporte in central defence after the 19-year-old rejected a new deal amid interest from Barcelona.Read Also: Mueller breaks UCL record, beats Lewandowski, Messi to MVP awardFernandinho was used at centre-back against Real, with Garcia named on the bench.Joao Cancelo is also pushing Benjamin Mendy at left-back after his outstanding performance in the last round.Man City’s predicted staring XI : Ederson; Walker, Fernandinho, Laporte, Cancelo; De Bruyne, Rodri, David Silva; Mahrez, Jesus, SterlingFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Promoted ContentWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually TrueThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable Way18 Beautiful Cities That Are Tourist Magnets2020 Tattoo Trends: Here’s What You’ll See This Year9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A Tattoo8 Best 1980s High Tech GadgetsCan Playing Too Many Video Games Hurt Your Body?5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme Parks8 Addictive And Fun Coffee FactsThe Highest Paid Football Players In The Worldcenter_img Loading… Silva was left out of the starting lineup for City’s last-16 win over Real Madrid last week, but Guardiola insists he is physically and mentally ready ahead of Saturday’s quarter-final against Lyon.“Absolutely he’s ready,” said the City boss. “The way he trains, his mentality in training, really impressed me.“It is a pity that his last game in the Etihad was without the people, but he will be back when they are back. He will be back and get what he deserves (for a send-off).”last_img read more


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first_imgA double overtime game-winner saw the University of Wisconsin men’s soccer team (7-5-2, 4-2 Big Ten) upset No. 18 Michigan (9-4-1, 3-2-1 Big Ten) at the McClimon Complex Friday.Freshman Noah Melick was the man to send the fans home happy when his 107th-minute strike sailed past Michigan goalkeeper Henry Mashburn and into the back of the net. The late winner adds to Melick’s fine run of attacking form — his third goal in three games.The match was tightly contested throughout as Wisconsin battled hard to fight off the attacking advances from their highly ranked opponent. Michigan applied plenty of pressure, especially in the second half when they had 10 shots to Wisconsin’s three.Men’s soccer: Badgers can’t tame Nittany Lions in tightly contested road matchAfter their match against Green Bay was cancelled, the University of Wisconsin men’s soccer team (6-5-2, 3-2 Big Ten) looked Read…But Badger goalkeeper Dean Cowdroy and his defense were up to the task and remained staunch, refusing to let Michigan in, with Cowdroy posting his sixth shutout of the season.In a post-match conversation with UW Athletics Wisconsin head coach John Trask was full of praise for his defense.“We pressed the game in overtime because I knew our backs wouldn’t get beat in the air or on the ground,” Trask said. “That’s how much confidence I have in that back four in tough situations.”The Badgers were physical throughout, with referee Calin Radosav calling 20 fouls on the home side, to go along with 13 on their opponents, no cards were brandished however.Football: Deal, Taylor lead Badgers to dominant 49–20 win over IllinoisIllinois had to have had just about the worst Madison experience possible Saturday. An away game versus a ranked opponent Read…Wisconsin’s gritty defense in the face of a daunting Michigan attack — who had registered 28 goals in 11 outings prior to the match — allowed their own attack a platform on which they could seal the victory in double overtime. A point that was reiterated by head coach John Trask.“There is something special about a team that can win games in overtime — it’s very hard to do,” Trask said. “To pitch a shutout against that team and give our attack a shot to score a goal was simply outstanding.”The victory leaves Wisconsin sitting third in the Big Ten standings with two fixtures remaining on their schedule. They travel to Northwestern (4-7-5, 0-4-3 Big Ten) Wednesday and then return home against The Ohio State (1-12-2, 0-5-1 Big Ten) to conclude the regular season Sunday.last_img read more


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first_imgFreshman guard Endyia Rogers led USC in scoring on Sunday night with a career-high 29 points. (James Wolfe | Daily Trojan) “My freshmen are superstars, and I’ll live by that, I’ll stand by that,” sophomore guard Desiree Caldwell said of her younger teammates. “All of them are extremely experienced for their age and just play very mature … All of them score the ball and make really good decisions.” Since winning a pivotal overtime battle against No. 10 UCLA Jan. 17, though, the Trojans have proven that they can compete with any opponent they face. Sunday’s tough contest against Washington was another testament to that, as USC came from behind to defeat the Huskies 81-78 in overtime. “[The win] feels good,” Trakh said. “It’s still going to be tough [on the road], we’ve got a young team. Both our leading scorers [today] were freshmen. We’re going to have our ups and downs.” “I think it helped a lot,” she said. “When that five minutes reset, all of us just looked at each other and said, ‘We’ve been here before, let’s finish this game.’” “Honestly, in the moment, I didn’t know the score,” Caldwell said. “I just knew Endyia had been working the whole game, and two people doubled down on her, and I knew it was my job to hit that shot.” USC faced a well-rounded Washington attack all afternoon. Senior forward Mai-Loni Henson went 4 for 8 from distance, while senior guard Amber Melgoza led the team with 17 points. The crowd erupted as Rogers stole a Washington pass and surged toward the basket, tying the game late in the third quarter. The Trojans’ comeback effort was supported by an impressive cast of freshmen. Forward Alissa Pili had a double-double with 20 points and 14 rebounds, while guard Endyia Rogers scored a career-best 29 points, including 24 points scored after halftime. “It felt really exciting because we started going on a run, we started changing things up on defense, our defensive intensity picked up,” Rogers said. The Trojans lost to both schools earlier in January. “We just had to come out and compete and play hard, and I think that’s what we did,” head coach Mark Trakh said. “Our young kids stepped up.” With the win, USC takes over the No. 8 spot in a highly competitive Pac-12 conference. The team’s three-game winning streak will be tested on a tough road trip against No. 16 Arizona State and No. 18 Arizona.  USC fell to an early 9-0 deficit, which was only exacerbated in the second quarter as the Huskies shot 6 for 7 from behind the arc and rose to a 12-point lead by halftime. After the Trojans took 12 first-half 3-pointers and only converted on three, the game plan in the second half shifted toward getting to the basket and making the easy shots. Caldwell said the team gained confidence from its recent double-overtime experience against UCLA that helped the players stay poised during the extra five minutes. In overtime, it looked to be anyone’s game until Caldwell nailed a crucial 3-pointer to give the Trojans a 4-point lead with just over a minute to go. Rogers said her hot hand was complemented by an increase in defensive energy from her teammates. The Trojans outscored the Huskies 22-11 in the third frame. After the USC women’s basketball team started out its Pac-12 campaign with an 0-5 record, many questioned whether the young squad would be able to find its way in such a tough conference. The Trojans will tip off against the Sun Devils at 10 a.m. Friday in Tempe, Ariz. before battling the Wildcats at 2 p.m. Sunday in Tucson.last_img read more


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first_img Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Email “A visitor brings doom to an isolated tribe” Timeline: “How Europeans brought sickness to the New World” REUTERS/UESLEI MARCELINOIndigenous leaders gathered at Brazil’s National Congress in Brasília in April, demanding more land for isolated tribes and settled communities.João Paulo Gomes, a representative for the Secretariat for Social Communication of the Presidency of Brazil, does not dispute Vaz’s numbers. “It is natural that the number of demarcations should decrease over time as the demand for them is met,” he wrote by e-mail. Most of the indigenous lands now awaiting ratification, he adds, “are concentrated in the center-south and northeast regions of Brazil,” where there is still major social conflict over the demarcation of indigenous lands.Gomes also dismisses charges that President Rousseff and her government favor economic development on the territories of isolated tribes. The Ministry of Justice is now using legal mediation measures to resolve disputes over land between indigenous communities and rural producers, he says. The government “is keenly interested in bringing the conflicts in indigenous lands to an end,” he says.In his sunlit apartment, Sydney Possuelo agrees with Vaz’s contention that the current government has reneged on its responsibilities to isolated peoples. The legendary protection system that Possuelo helped build is crumbling, as abandoned protection bases molder in the forest. The once efficient system of radio communication between FUNAI riverboats and bases is falling apart. The isolated people who once preserved traditional knowledge of Amazonian plants as well as a rich diversity of cultures and languages face new threats. And in their glass towers in Brasília, federal officials are veering dangerously close to repeating the mistakes of the past, Possuelo says.“FUNAI is dead,” he says. “But nobody told it, and nobody held a funeral.”Reporting for this story was supported in part by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting.Related content:”Feature: From deep in Peru’s rainforests, isolated people emerge” SURVIVAL INTERNATIONALA woman from the isolated Awá Guajá tribe tends to her sick sister after the two chose to make contact with Brazilian officials in January 2015.But some experts say that as the pace of economic activity in the Amazon accelerates, the protection system that was once the envy of South America is falling apart. Brazil has the world’s seventh largest economy, with a gross domestic product in 2013 of $2.24 trillion. To fuel this vast economic engine, public and private enterprises are pushing deeper into the Amazon, constructing dams, transmission lines, mines, pipelines, and highways. Meanwhile, drug smugglers cross isolated groups’ territories to transport Peruvian cocaine to Brazil, triggering attacks. “There’s no part of the Amazon that is not under some kind of pressure,” says anthropologist Barbara Arisi of the Federal University of Latin American Integration in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil.The rate of contact seems to be rising in both Brazil and Peru. Between 1987 and 2013, FUNAI made contact with five isolated groups. But in the past 18 months alone, three groups initiated contact: the Xinane, the Korubo, and the Awá Guajá. Physician Douglas Rodrigues of the Federal University of São Paulo, a public health specialist who works with indigenous tribes, worries that the recent flurry of contacts is just the beginning. “I fear that we are facing a ‘decade of contacts,’” he says. By many accounts, FUNAI—cash-strapped and under pressure from development interests—is not prepared.DURING THE DRY SEASON in the Amazon last summer, a handful of robust young men emerged from the forest along the Envira River, near the Peru border. They wore thin belts around their waists, had their hair styled in a bowl cut, and carried long bows. They were from an isolated tribe that FUNAI calls the Xinane people, and according to what the tribespeople later told government interpreters, they had survived a violent attack by nonindigenous men along the Envira River in eastern Peru, a border region favored by cocaine smugglers. FUNAI had had a base nearby on the Xinane River, but abandoned it in 2011 after heavily armed drug traffickers surrounded it. The recommendations became FUNAI policy, and a model for other countries where isolated populations are emerging, such as neighboring Peru (see companion story). In remote regions, FUNAI has designated a dozen “protection fronts”—official front lines in the battle to defend isolated groups, each dotted with one or more frontier bases to track tribes and sound the alarm when outsiders invade. In an interview in February, FUNAI’s interim president, Flávio Chiarelli, told Science that his agency is “doing great” at protecting the country’s isolated tribes. “Will a road through the rainforest bring prosperity or disaster?” REUTERS/FUNAIBut while FUNAI and Ministry of Health officials tried to organize and fly in a medical team, the Xinane melted back into the forest, raising concerns that they would carry disease back to their home village. It was not until 6 July that the Ministry of Health flew in the first physician, Rodrigues. He managed to find and examine three tribesmen on 8 July. Each had a fever and an acute respiratory infection. Concerned about preventing secondary infections such as pneumonia, Rodrigues and a small team began treating the Xinane with fluids, antibiotics, and drugs to lower their fevers.The FUNAI and Ministry of Health workers then located all seven Xinane and convinced them to move upriver with Rodrigues and colleagues to the abandoned Xinane base. There, the young men would be less likely to catch additional diseases or to return to their home village while contagious.Eight days later, the Xinane had recovered fully. Through an interpreter, Rodrigues asked them to return to the base in a month with their families. On 26 July, 34 Xinane men, women, and children began trickling into the base to receive immunizations for influenza, chickenpox, and other infectious diseases. Today, Lenin reports, the Xinane are doing well and the Xinane base remains open. “They know that if there is any situation of health or territorial invasion, the team is there to help them,” he says.So far, contact has not meant death for the Xinane. But some observers think that last summer’s achievement was mostly a matter of luck. In an online report, physician Rodrigues notes that the virus contracted by the Xinane happened to be relatively mild, possibly a rhinovirus or adenovirus; a more serious virus such as influenza might have killed many. And some critics think FUNAI and the Ministry of Health moved much too slowly when disease broke out. The Xinane, Arisi says, “did not receive prompt and proper emergency treatment.”In light of these experiences, Rodrigues thinks that FUNAI and the Ministry of Health need contingency plans that can be activated immediately, with specially trained health teams and stockpiles of vaccines and medicines available on short notice, as well as helicopters to ferry them to inaccessible corners of the Amazon. He adds that the Brazilian government needs to provide better health care in remote indigenous villages such as Simpatia, to help the villagers as well as to reduce the likelihood of disease transmission to isolated groups.Lenin himself conceded last August in the public hearing in Brasília that more funds and planning are required to protect isolated groups. “Now, our concern is to have … teams ready to make this work in relation to health,” Lenin said. “Either we, in fact, do a competent, skilled intervention, or we will be talking about repeating the histories of contacts, where the mortality of indigenous groups was very high.”SITTING IN A shady tropical garden in one of Brasília’s middle-class neighborhoods, Antenor Vaz frowns as he considers the tale of the Xinane. A crisp, precise man in his 60s who once trained as a physicist, Vaz is the person who systematized FUNAI’s procedures for protecting isolated people after the agency moved to a no-contact policy in 1988. Since leaving the agency in 2013, Vaz has monitored and critiqued its activities, hunting down obscure FUNAI reports and presentations online and publishing his findings.FUNAI, he says, lacks the funds and human resources it needs. In 2014, the Brazilian government approved just 2.77 million reais ($1.15 million) for finding and protecting isolated groups, 20% of what FUNAI requested; this year, the government again provisionally approved 2.77 million reais, less than 15% of the amount FUNAI requested, according to documents presented at the 2014 public hearing.FUNAI officials stated in 2014 that they needed 30 staffed frontier posts, each outfitted with communications equipment and transportation. But according to a document presented at the hearing, they had just 15 posts operating in 2014, suggesting that their front lines are operating at half strength.center_img REUTERS/RICARDO MORAESA settled Kayapo man receives rare eye care from a traveling charity. Many indigenous villagers in the Amazon receive scant medical care, and their lack threatens isolated people, too.As the dry season progressed last summer, the Xinane moved eastward through the forest to a small indigenous settlement known as Simpatia, where at least 70 contacted Ashaninka people lived. For several days, the young hunters watched and waited in the dense vegetation around the village, calling to one another with bird cries and animal sounds. The Ashaninka feared an attack.Then on 13 June, Simpatia’s schoolteacher radioed FUNAI for help. Four young Xinane men had entered the village, noted a later medical report, and taken machetes, metal pots, and clothing, the latter a potential source of disease transmission. Frightened, the Ashaninka hid in their houses.The Xinane were not unknown to FUNAI. Since 2008, researchers had been studying the group and tracking their movements from FUNAI’s headquarters in a sleek glass office tower in Brasília. Last February, seated at a large conference table there, Leonardo Lenin thumbed through photos taken by FUNAI field teams, which had found vestiges of Xinane camps since at least 2005. Dark-haired and intense, with an urgent way of speaking, Lenin is responsible for the FUNAI division that gathers data on Brazil’s isolated groups and tries to protect them.To date, Lenin explains, FUNAI has confirmed the existence of 26 isolated groups in Brazil, with the greatest concentration located along the Peruvian border. The agency’s records suggest that up to 78 additional groups may be in hiding or on the run.Gathering enough evidence to confirm a suspected group can take years, Lenin says. FUNAI researchers scour historical accounts and examine anthro-pological records on the languages and material culture of nearby contacted groups. They also compile a picture of nearby development projects and any illegal activities, such as the drug trafficking that threatened the Xinane.In the field, FUNAI workers interview local people and may send a team into the forest. Skirting areas likely to be seasonally occupied, the teams hunt for abandoned camps, documenting huts and houses, as well as discarded tools and weapons, food remains, and raw materials. Team members are instructed to leave everything in situ, to win the trust of the isolated groups. “They will know that someone was there, but they will also know that it was a group that doesn’t want to harm them,” Lenin says.Back in the FUNAI offices, Lenin and his colleagues analyze the findings and begin mapping territories and estimating populations. “It is an archaeology of the living,” Lenin says, adding that even small finds can disclose vital information.He holds up a photograph of a child’s reed toy, found in a hideout used by the Kawahiva, an isolated group in the state of Mato Grosso who are on the run from loggers and farmers. “It was quite emotional to find this,” Lenin says. Tribespeople who are constantly evading hostile outsiders often seem to stop having children, a sure path to extinction. The small woven toy, however, indicates that Kawahiva mothers have not yet reached that point.To monitor isolated populations over time, FUNAI researchers conduct regular flyovers, taking aerial photos of houses and fields, estimating populations, and noting hair styles and patterns of body paint. But flyovers are expensive, so researchers increasingly gather information from remote sensing imagery.For example, in a paper published in Royal Society Open Science in November 2014, scientists led by anthropologist Robert Walker of the University of Missouri, Columbia, used satellite images to survey isolated groups in Brazil. The researchers searched for thatched-roof houses and gardens along the Brazil-Peru border where FUNAI had confirmed the existence of three isolated groups, including the Xinane, through fieldwork and overflights. They found at least five villages and calculated their areal extent.Using population estimates from FUNAI’s published data, they found that the isolated villages had far greater population densities than did the contacted villages—nine people per square hectare versus just 0.7 people in the contacted settlements. Isolated tribespeople may not clear spacious areas because they lack steel tools such as machetes and axes, Walker says—or because of pressure from hostile outsiders. “We need to track these populations over time,” Walker says. “They are really fragile groups on the cusp of extinction.”FUNAI’s official policies are directed toward preventing rather than managing contact, and neither the agency nor Brazil’s Ministry of Health has an official contingency plan for how to protect isolated people’s health should contact occur. But contact was exactly what the Xinane seemed to be seeking.BACK IN SIMPATIA last June, the Ashaninka were growing increasingly anxious as the Xinane calls resounded through the forest. Finally, on 26 June, a small FUNAI team arrived to take charge of the situation, including José Carlos Meirelles, a retired sertanista who advised the state of Acre on indigenous affairs. The Ashaninka knew Meirelles well. The gaunt 66-year-old had supervised FUNAI’s protection front in the region for more than 2 decades and had set up the Xinane base.In all likelihood, the young Xinane men knew Meirelles, too. Anthropologists working in recently settled communities have collected accounts showing that tribespeople carefully observed nonindigenous communities before they made contact, for example learning people’s names.FUNAI researchers had deduced that the Xinane spoke a language in the Panoan family, likely a language closely related to Yaminawa. So Meirelles’s team included two Yaminawa interpreters.Three days after Meirelles arrived, seven Xinane appeared on the opposite riverbank with machetes, arrows, and one rifle in hand. Eventually some waded across the river, and this time the nervous Ashaninka welcomed them with bananas, coconuts, and clothing. The young Xinane men said that they had come from a village deep in the forest, where as many as 60 people lived. They spent several hours in Simpatia that day, walking about and occasionally pilfering goods. It was their first official contact with the Brazilian government.The next day, however, the situation took a sudden turn for the worse. FUNAI team members noticed that some Xinane were coughing and looked ill. Alarmed, the field team informed FUNAI and Ministry of Health officials in Brasília.An untreated disease can kill up to 90% of an isolated population, and such illnesses demand a fast response, Lenin says. “We’re talking almost a process of extermination of a group,” he later told a public hearing in Brasília on public policies and land conflicts concerning indigenous groups. Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country RICARDO MORAES/REUTERS/CORBISThis sawmill, on a cleared patch of Amazon forest in Brazil, trades in wood taken illegally from an indigenous reserve.Vaz notes that most of FUNAI’s protection fronts now lack the specialized field teams needed to find isolated groups and map territories. At the 2014 public hearing, FUNAI officials reported that they needed 14 specialized field teams; at present the agency has two. Vaz is furious. “Why do we have protection bases being closed?” he asks. “Why are there protection fronts that are no longer able to implement the procedures for protection? There is something wrong.”He thinks the problem boils down to a highly coveted commodity in Brazil today: land. The data gathered by FUNAI’s specialist field teams lay the groundwork for legally demarcating land for the sole use of isolated indigenous groups. Once the land is protected, the Brazilian government can no longer auction it off to public and private development enterprises.Vaz digs out a chart published by the Brazilian nonprofit Povos Indígenas no Brasil, which itemizes indigenous land demarcation over the past 2 decades. Between 1995 and 2002, the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso demarcated and ratified 118 applications for indigenous land. From 2003 to 2010, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s government ratified another 81 applications. But from 2011 to 2015, Dilma Rousseff’s government ratified just 11 applications, and only one since 2013; that application was signed on 29 May 2015. Several demarcation documents “are sitting on the desk of the minister of justice, and he is not signing them,” Vaz says.Vaz contends that the current government is demarcating very little land for indigenous groups and has largely abandoned its responsibilities to them, placing their lives in danger, primarily because it “sees the Indians as hampering the agricultural business, hampering the expansion of mining, and hampering the extraction of natural resources.” Editorial: “Protecting isolated tribes” BRASÍLIA—In a spacious, art-filled apartment in Brasília, 75-year-old Sydney Possuelo takes a seat near a large portrait of his younger self. On the canvas, Possuelo stares with calm assurance from the stern of an Amazon riverboat, every bit the famous sertanista, or Amazon frontiersman, that he once was. But on this late February morning, that confidence is nowhere to be seen. Possuelo, now sporting a beard neatly trimmed for city life, seethes with anger over the dangers now threatening the Amazon’s isolated tribespeople. “These are the last few groups of humans who are really free,” he says. “But we will kill them.”For decades, Possuelo worked for Brazil’s National Indian Foundation (FUNAI), the federal agency responsible for the country’s indigenous peoples. In the 1970s and 1980s, he and other sertanistas made contact with isolated tribespeople so they could be moved off their land and into settlements. But Possuelo and others grew alarmed by the human toll. The newly contacted had no immunity to diseases carried by outsiders, and the flu virus, he recalls, “was like a suicide bomber,” stealing into a village unnoticed. Among some groups, 50% to 90% died (see sidebar). In 1987, Possuelo and fellow sertanistas met to try to stop this devastation.In Brasília, a futuristic city whose central urban footprint evokes the shape of an airplane, the frontiersmen agreed that contact was inherently damaging to isolated tribespeople. They drew up a new action plan for FUNAI, based solidly on the principle of no contact unless groups faced extinction. They recommended mapping and legally recognizing the territories of isolated groups, and keeping out loggers, miners, and settlers. If contact proved unavoidable, protecting tribespeople’s health should be top priority. “How to court an isolated tribe”last_img read more